Dr. Kevin Yip

Dr Kevin Yip
Orthopaedic Surgeon
MBBS(UK), FRCS(EDIN), FAM(SING), FHKCOS(ORTHO)

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FUNCTIONAL EXAMINATION OF ANKLE AND FOOT

Introduction/general remarks

The ankle and foot are examined with the subject in the supine lying position.
The ankle and foot are very difficult to examine because a great number of strong and rather stiff structures are condensed into a small volume. To test each structure in turn without the help of a lever is a very difficult task and
demands a great technical ability.The different ‘joints’ to examine are:

• the ankle joint
• the subtalar joint
• the ‘midtarsal joints’:

the whole middle structure of the foot, though consisting of several bones and joints, functionally acts as one integrated structure and is therefore examined as one ‘midtarsal joint’. The action of the contractile structures of the ankle and foot have an influence on all the different joints.

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