Dr. Kevin Yip

Dr Kevin Yip
Orthopaedic Surgeon
MBBS(UK), FRCS(EDIN), FAM(SING), FHKCOS(ORTHO)

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Back Pain

Back Pain

Please do not hesitate to contact us for further information you may require at (+65) 9724 1219

Spine – Cervical Problems Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Cervical Burners and Stingers (Brachial Plexus Injuries) Cervical Corpectomy and Strut Graft Cervical Discectomy Cervical Foraminotomy Cervical Laminectomy Cervical Radiculopathy Cervical Spinal Stenosis Cervical Spine Anatomy Dropped Head […]

Congenital Scoliosis in Singapore

Congenital scoliosis is defined as a curvature of the spine that is the result of malformations of the vertebral elements. The fact that the spine and spinal column ever form correctly is amazing given the complexity of the process from an embryological standpoint. Most of this development happens during the third to sixth week in […]

TAIL BONE PAIN (COCCYDYNIA)

WHAT IS COCCYDYNIA?

Coccydynia is the inflammation of the tip of the tailbone and the pain is often worse on sitting.

HOW IS COCCYDYNIA PAIN DIAGNOSED?

Coccydynia is commonly diagnosed based solely on the symptoms and the examination findings of local tenderness over the tailbone.

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES?

Coccydynia is often caused by an […]

Literature Review

Patients with chronic low back pain have been found to have specific motor dysfunctions . Hodges and Richardson found that those with a history of low back pain and dysfunction had poor motor control. The local system dysfunction developed after the onset of pain and pathology.

With the occurrence of pain and dysfunction, it is […]

Anatomy of The Lumbar Back Muscles-Quadratus Lumborum

The quadratus lumborum consists of medial and lateral fibers that are enclosed by the anterior and middle layers of the thoracolumbar fascia. The medial fibers attach “from the ilium to the anterior surface of the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae and other fibers travel from the transverse processes to anchor onto the twelfth rib.

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Anatomy of The Lumbar Back Muscles-Internal Oblique

The internal oblique is the largest muscle of the abdominal wall . The internal oblique forms the middle layer of the abdominal wall between the TrA and the external oblique. It originates from the “lateral two-thirds of the inguinal ligament, anterior two-thirds of the iliac crest, and the lateral raphe of the thoracolumbar fascia in […]

Anatomy of The Lumbar Back Muscles-External Oblique

The external oblique originates from the inferior border and outer surfaces of the lower eight ribs. It interdigitates with the serratus anterior and latissimus dorsi, with upper, middle, and lower attachments. The upper and middle fibers attach into the abdominal aponeurosis.

The posterior attachments descend to insert on the anterior half of the iliac crest. […]

Anatomy of The Lumbar Back Muscles-Transversus Abdominis

The TrA is the deepest muscle of the abdominal muscle complex, with the internal and external oblique being more ventral and the rectus abdominis in the center with a fascial envelope encased with a bilaminar aponeurosis. The TrA is the deepest muscle of the abdominal muscle complex, with the internal and external oblique being more […]

Anatomy of The Lumbar Back Muscles-Thoracolumbar Fascia

The thoracolumbar fascia has three layers—anterior, middle, and posterior—creating an envelope for the muscles of the lumbar spine. The anterior layer originates from the anterior surfaces of the transverse processes of the lumbar spine and intertransverse ligaments, and it covers the anterior surface of the quadratus lumborum.

The middle layer is attached to the tips […]

Anatomy of The Lumbar Back Muscles-Multifidus

The multifidus is the most medial and largest of the paraspinal muscles. It has an origin and insertion of vertebra to vertebra attachments within the lumbar spine and between the lumbar and sacral vertebrae .

The multifidus is composed of repeating fascicles, which originate from the laminae and spinous processes of the lumbar vertebrae and […]