Dr. Kevin Yip

Dr Kevin Yip
Orthopaedic Surgeon
MBBS(UK), FRCS(EDIN), FAM(SING), FHKCOS(ORTHO)

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Foot Problems

Please do not hesitate to contact us for further information you may require at (+65) 9724 1219

Foot Pain

Foot Pain

Please do not hesitate to contact us for further information you may require at (+65) 9724 1219

Foot pain may be caused by many different conditions or injuries. Acute or repeated trauma, disease, or a combination are the most common causes of foot pain. Trauma is a result of forces outside of the body either directly impacting the body or forcing the body into a position where a single or combination of forces result in damage to the structures of the body. Poor biomechanical alignment may lead to foot pain. Wearing shoes that are too tight or high heels can cause pain around the balls of the feet and the bones in that area. Shoes that are tied too tightly may cause pain and bruising on the top of the foot.

Injuries such as ligament sprains, muscle strains, bruises, and fractures typically occur suddenly (acutely). Sprains, strains, bruises, and fractures may be the result of a single or combination of stresses to the foot. A sprain of the foot or ankle occurs when ligaments that hold the bones together are overstretched and their fibers tear. The looseness of ligaments in the joints of the foot may lead to foot pain.

The muscle’s bursa and fascia of the foot can be strained by overstretching, overuse, overloading, bruising, or a cut (such as by stepping on a sharp object). Achilles tendonitis is a common injury of the tendon that attaches at the back of the heel.

Injury to the bones and joints of the foot can be caused by a single blow or twist to the foot, or also by repetitive trauma that can result in a stress fracture. A blunt-force injury such as someone stepping on your foot may result not only in a bruise (contusion) injury but also damage to the muscles and ligaments of the foot. Direct blows to the foot can cause bruising, breaking of the skin, or even fracturing of bones. Metarsalgia is the irritation of the joints of the ball of the foot. “Turf toe” is a common athletic injury in which the tendon under the joint at the base of the big toe is strained. Trauma to the toenail can cause pooling of blood under the nail and the temporary or permanent loss of a toenail. Repetitive trauma to the bones, muscles, and ligaments can result in extra bone growth known as spurs or exostosis.

Injuries to both the skin covering and the internal structures may also be caused by multiple small repetitive traumas. Micro-trauma injuries can be caused by running on uneven surfaces, surfaces that are too hard or too soft, or shoes that have poor force-absorption qualities or fit incorrectly. Repeated overstressing of the same structure of the foot may cause stress fractures, tendonitis, plantar fasciitis, and acute and chronic osteoarthritis.

The arches of the feet absorb and return force to and from the body to the outside world when we are standing on our feet. Injury to the plantar fascia is a common cause of arch pain. The plantar fascia is a tough fibrous sheath that extends the length of the bottom of the foot and lends support to the arch. When the plantar fascia is damaged, the resulting inflammatory response may become a source of arch pain. High and low arches (flat feet) may cause pain because of strain to the feet.

Footwear can be a contributor to foot pain. Poor fitting shoes in the short term can cause blisters, calluses, bruising and be a source of athlete’s foot. The long-term effects may be bunions, corns, irritation of nerves and joints, misalignment of the toes, and the source of microtrauma injuries to the foot.

Disease, viruses, fungi, and bacteria may also be the sources of foot pain. Diabetes, Hansen’s disease, and gout are common diseases that affect the foot. Disorders of the nerves to the feet may cause numbness and burning sensation in the feet known as peripheral neuropathy.

Plantar warts commonly found on the bottom of the foot are caused by a virus and can cause irritation. Athlete’s foot, which is caused by a fungus, also can lead to foot irritation. A common cause of foot pain is the ingrown toenail. Ingrown toenails occur when the edges of the nail grow through or into the skin, resulting in irritation and sometimes leading to infection.

Medial Gastrocnemius Strain

A medial gastrocnemius strain is an injury to the calf muscle. Learn exactly what it entails and if it does or does not require surgery.

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is a common condition that causes heel pain. Plantar fasciitis is due to irritation and inflammation of the tight tissue that forms the arch of the foot. Common symptoms of plantar fasciitis include heel pain with prolonged walking and standing.

Heel Spur

A heel spur is a condition that is closely related to plantar fasciitis. A heel spur is a hook of bone that forms where the plantar fascia attaches to the heel bone.

Ankle Sprain

An ankle sprain results when the ligaments of the foot are either stretched too far or tear due to the injury. Treatment of an ankle sprain is important to get back to activity quickly.

High Ankle Sprain

A high a sprain is a term used to describe an injury to the ligaments that connect the two bones of the lower leg. The ligament, called a syndesmosis, joins the bones together and runs from the knee to the ankle. In a high ankle sprain, the syndesmosis is injured.

Athlete’s Foot

A common fungal infection of the feet, athlete’s foot can be a difficult problem to solve. Tips on prevention and treatment of this condition.

Achilles Tendonitis & Rupture

Achilles tendonitis causes pain at the back of the calf, and may result in a rupture of the Achilles tendon in severe cases.

Posterior Tibial Tendonitis

Posterior tibial tendonitis is an uncommon problem of one of the major tendons in the foot. Problems with this tendon can be debilitating.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Information about tarsal tunnel syndrome, a pinched nerve in the back of the foot. Information including common symptoms and treatment methods.

Lederhose’s Disease

Lederhose’s disease is a condition that causes the formation of nodules within the feet. These nodules may be painful bumps on the sole of the foot. Lederhose’s disease may be seen in association with Dupuytren’s disease of the hand.

Flat Feet

While flat feet may not be a problem themselves, they often lead to overpronation, and a predisposition to common overuse injuires.

Achilles Tendon Rupture

An Achilles tendon rupture is a common injury seen in middle-aged athletes. Treatment of an Achilles tendon rupture is most often with surgery to reattach the torn edges of the ruptured tendon.

Treatment of Torn Achilles Tendon

Treatment options for patients who have sustained a tear of the Achilles tendon. Both surgery and non-surgical treatmens are available to patients who have sustained an Achilles tendon rupture.

Achilles Tendon Injuries

Achilles tendon injuries can cause pain behind the heel and difficulty walking. Some Achilles conditions are the result of an acute injury , while others come from chronic overuse . Learn about different problems of the Achilles tendon, and what treatments can help relieve your symptoms.

Please do not hesitate to contact us for further information you may require at (+65) 9724 1219

1 comment to Foot Problems

  • Jessica

    I hv a bunion which got worse after my feet expanded with pregnancy and child birth. My feet was naturally broad and as the bunion got worse, i cannot find shoes that fit, which aggravate the bunion problem in turn. To make matters, I hv sweaty feet and the discomfort from the bunion also make the sweaty problem more serious. i am constantly feeling uncomfortable at work or out of the home as the only time i feel comfortable is when i am barefooted. can i cure both problem?