Dr. Kevin Yip

Dr Kevin Yip
Orthopaedic Surgeon
MBBS(UK), FRCS(EDIN), FAM(SING), FHKCOS(ORTHO)

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Resisted medial rotation

Positioning.

The subject sits with the lower legs pendent. The examiner squats in front of the
knee. The ipsilateral hand encircles the heel from the lateral side. The contralateral hand is placed against the medial aspect of the forefoot and
holds the foot in dorsiflexion .

Procedure.

The subject is asked to turn the foot inwards while the examiner applies strong
counter-pressure with both hands.

Common mistakes.

Not enough dorsiflexion makes the subject execute an inversion of the
foot.

Anatomical structures tested:

Muscle function:

• Semimembranosus
• SemHendinosus
• Gracilis
• Sartorius
• Popliteus.

Indirect traction on inert structures:

• Posterior horn of the medial meniscus.

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