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Passive dorsiflexion

Positioning.

The ankle is in neutral position with the heel resting on the couch. The knee is slightly flexed. The examiner is distal to the foot. He places one hand at the plantar aspect of the forefoot. The other hand is at the back of the heel.

Procedure..

Move the foot in the dorsal direction, […]

Palpation of the anterior talofibular ligament

The index finger is laid on the anterior surface of the lateral malleolus. A combined plantar flexion-inversion movement of the ankle makes the lateral process of the talus more prominent. The ligament is felt as a thin, flat and horizontal structure, pressing against the palpating finger.

Palpation of the sinus tarsi

Starting from the anterior surface of the lateral malleolus and moving anteriorly and medially, the finger falls into a depression – the sinus tarsi. If the finger is left in place and the foot is inverted, the depression excavates and its borders can be better ascertained. Just anterior to the malleolus the lateral process of […]

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

SYMPTOMS

There is aching or sharp pain around the medial part of the foot and ankle joint, often radiating along the medial or the lateral part of the foot, or towards the plantar fascia insertion.

AETIOLOGY

This syndrome is caused by trapping of the posterior tibia nerve or any of its branches in the tarsal […]

Ankle Problems

Ankle Pain

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Ankle Anatomy Ankle Arthroscopy Ankle Fusion Ankle Impingement Problems Ankle Sprain and Instability Ankle Syndesmosis Injuries Artificial Joint Replacement of the Ankle Osteoarthritis of the Ankle Peroneal Tendon Problems Peroneal Tendon Subluxation Shin Splints

Ankle Pain

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A Patient’s Guide to Peroneal Tendon Subluxation

Introduction

The peroneals are two muscles and their tendons that attach along the outer edge of the lower leg. The peroneal tendons are enclosed in a fibrous tunnel that runs behind the outside ankle bone (the lateral malleolus). Damage or injury to the structures that form and support this tunnel may lead to a condition […]

A Patient’s Guide to Peroneal Tendon Problems

Introduction

Problems affecting the two peroneal tendons that lie behind the outer ankle bone (the lateral malleolus) are common in athletes. These problems mainly occur in the area where the two tendons glide within a fibrous tunnel behind the lateral malleolus.

This guide will help you understand

how peroneal tendon problems develop how doctors diagnose […]

A Patient’s Guide to Artificial Joint Replacement of the Ankle

Introduction

Surgery to replace the ankle joint with an artificial joint (called ankle arthroplasty) is becoming more common. This surgery is not done as often as replacement of the knee or hip joints. Still, when necessary, this operation can reduce the pain from arthritis of the ankle. Recent advances in the design of the artificial […]