Specialists

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Scoliosis

WHAT IS SCOLIOSIS?

Scoliosis is a medical condition in which a person’s spine is curved from side to side, shaped like an “s” or “c”, and the spine may also be rotated.

HOW IS SCOLIOSIS DIAGNOSED?

A rib “hump” or a prominent shoulder blade caused by rotation of the ribcage in thoracic scoliosis can be […]

Golf injury and Back pain

The most common golf injuries occur in the lower back, elbows, shoulders, hands and wrists, and are generally defined as either cumulative (overuse) or acute (traumatic) injuries. The impact and stress of the repetitive motion of the swing is sometimes hard on the muscles and joints, especially if you ignore the early warning signs of […]

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis, also known as Bechterew’s disease or pelvospondylitis ossificans, mainly affects the sacroiliac joint, the joints between the vertebral arches and the anterior long ligament of the spine, which may gradually ossify. It usually afflicts young and middle-aged men and should be suspected in cases of chronic, but not severe, pain in the lumbar […]

Spondylolysis and Spondylolisthesis

A defect in the vertebral arch is called spondylolysis. The defect can be congenital, or may be caused by injury or overloading resulting in stress fracture. Spondylolysis creates the necessary conditions for one vertebra to be able to slip forwards in relation to the one below it. Once this has occurred the condition is called […]

Scoliosis

In scoliosis, lateral curvature to the left or right of part of the spine renders the vertebral column S-shaped. The cause of this complaint, which affects growing children, is unknown. It is often discovered by the physical education teacher, coach, or parents, and should lead to a visit to the doctor.

Scoliosis occurs in about […]

Juvenile Kyphosis (Scheuermann’s disease)

Scheuermann’s disease is a hereditary condition which produces progressive rounding of the back (kyphosis) and can sometimes hinder sporting activity. The complaint mainly affects adolescent boys. Usually three to five thoracic vertebrae are involved, which become wedge-shaped.

Symptoms and diagnosis

– Slight fatigue in the thoracic region is present on exertion after the affected person […]

Facet Joint Syndrome

The joints between the vertebral arches, the intervertebral facet joints, are oriented in such a way that they reduce the rotation capability of the vertebrae. If there were no facet joints the disks would wear out more quickly as a result of rotatory movement in the spine. When the disks are affected by age-related degenerative […]

Sciatica, Herniated Disk (‘Slipped Disk’)

Pain that radiates from the lower back down one or other leg is known as sciatica. It is often exacerbated by exertion, coughing, sneezing, or straining. One of its most common causes is a ‘slipped disk’ which exerts pressure on one of the roots of the sciatic nerve, and it can also be triggered by […]

Low Back Pain (Lumbago)

Low back pain can occur in connection with most sports, and its precise cause is unknown. Acute lumbago mainly affects those aged 30–40 years.

Symptoms and diagnosis

– The symptoms often appear after lifting a heavy object or turning rapidly, but can also occur without previous exertion. – The pain is usually located in the […]

Inflammation of Muscle Attachments

The muscle attachments around the spinous processes of the thoracic and lumbar spine can become inflamed as a result of overuse. Such injuries are most common among crosscountry skiers, javelin, discus and hammer throwers, weightlifters, and players of racket sports.

Symptoms

The athlete experiences:

– pain during exertion; – aching after exertion; – tenderness on […]