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Double Spin Platelet Rich Plasma

Double Spin Platelet Rich Plasma

Double Spin Platelet Rich Plasma

Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) (also known as blood injection therapy) is a medical treatment being used in Singapore for a wide range of musculoskeletal problems. Platelet-rich plasma refers to a sample of serum (blood) plasma that has as much as four times more than the normal amount of platelets. […]

Osgood Schlatters Disease

What is Osgood-Schlatter disease?

Osgood-Schlatter disease is probably the most frequent cause of knee pain in children. The condition occurs most commonly in children between the ages of 9 and 16 years but it can occur in younger children. Both boys and girls are equally vulnerable to its debilitating effects. Osgood-Schlatter disease is always characterized […]

Female athlete triad

Exercise and sports have many beneficial effects on women as well as on men. However, some women suffer from a syndrome called the ‘female athlete triad’. This is syndrome comprises three interrelated disorders: eating disorder, amenorrhea, and osteoporosis. The female athlete is most at risk of developing this syndrome during adolescence. It may occur in […]

Stress fractures

One-sided loads on the skeleton can, when intensity and load are too high, lead to stress fractures or fatigue fractures if the adaptive ability of the body is insufficient to cope. Stress fractures can affect children who begin athletic training as early as the age of 7 years. The frequency of stress fractures in adolescents […]

Apophysitis

In a muscle and tendon unit there are certain areas at high risk of injury: these are the attachments of muscle and tendon to bone, the muscle and tendon tissue itself, and also the point at which muscle and tendon merge (the muscle-tendon junction). In adults, the muscle or tendon tissue itself is often injured […]

Bursitis

The knee is surrounded by several bursae.

Prepatellar bursitis The prepatellar bursa is located anterior and distal to the patella. Its location makes it vulnerable to traumatic bursitis. Team handball players, American football players, soccer players, wrestlers, and gymnasts are at increased risk. One study reported that 9.5% of wrestlers had prepatellar bursitis over a […]

Traction tendinitis

Sinding-Larsen-Johansson disease

Sinding-Larsen-Johansson disease is a traction tendinitis of the distal pole of the patella, caused by microtrauma. It is seen in growing individuals; who have pain at the inferior pole of the patella in association with running and jumping. Typical clinical signs are point tenderness at the inferior pole of the patella, swelling, limitation […]

Articular cartilage injuries

Injuries to the articular cartilage (chondral) surfaces can affect the joint surfaces of the femur, the tibia, and the patella. Such injuries are often disregarded as they can be difficult to identify. They may result from direct impact against the knee joint, but can also occur in association with meniscal and ligament injuries. Indeed, any […]

Lateral cruciate ligament injury and posterior lateral instability

Lateral cruciate ligament injury and posterior lateral instability The LCL is the primary restraint to varus stress of the knee (when the distal lower leg is pressed inward). It is most commonly injured in combination with one of the cruciate ligaments. The mechanism of injury is gait for increased external rotation of the foot, painful […]

Posterior cruciate ligament injuries

PCL tears of the knee are not very common; they constitute only 5-10% of all major knee ligament tears.

Anatomy The PCL has an average width of 0.5 in (13 mm) and length of 1.5 in (38 mm). It is fan-shaped, being narrowest in the midportion and fanning out superiorly and, to a lesser extent, […]