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TAIL BONE PAIN (COCCYDYNIA)

WHAT IS COCCYDYNIA?

Coccydynia is the inflammation of the tip of the tailbone and the pain is often worse on sitting.

HOW IS COCCYDYNIA PAIN DIAGNOSED?

Coccydynia is commonly diagnosed based solely on the symptoms and the examination findings of local tenderness over the tailbone.

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES?

Coccydynia is often caused by an […]

Anatomy of The Lumbar Back Muscles-Thoracolumbar Fascia

The thoracolumbar fascia has three layers—anterior, middle, and posterior—creating an envelope for the muscles of the lumbar spine. The anterior layer originates from the anterior surfaces of the transverse processes of the lumbar spine and intertransverse ligaments, and it covers the anterior surface of the quadratus lumborum.

The middle layer is attached to the tips […]