Sports Injuries

Sports injuries are injuries that occur during sport, athletic activities, or exercising.

Dorsal Impaction Syndrome

Dorsal impaction is a chronic pain syndrome caused by repetitive axial loading of the wrist in dorsiflexion. This injury is common in young gymnasts. Symptoms Pain is felt on the back of the wrist. The pain is increased with dorsiflexion and loading of the wrist. Treatment Treatment should include: modification of training programs; wrist strengthening …

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Insertionitis (Tenoperiostitis)

Table of Contents Introduction Location Symptoms and Diagnosis Treatment for Insertionitis (Tenoperiostitis) in Singapore Prevention Introduction Attachment of a muscle to bone involves a gradual transition from muscle-tendon to cartilage and from mineralized cartilage to bone. Bone-tendon junctions are poorly supplied with blood because the fibrocartilage creates a ‘barrier’; this may explain why these injuries …

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Peritenonitis (Peritendinitis) Treatment in Singapore

Table of Contents Location Symptoms and Diagnosis Treatment for Peritenonitis (Peritendinitis) in Singapore Repetitive one-sided movements or persistent mechanical irritation may cause an inflammatory reaction in the tendon sheath, and a minor inflammatory reaction in the tendon itself. The condition frequently becomes chronic and can be difficult to treat. Location The Achilles tendon peritenon is …

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Post-Traumatic Shoulder Stiffness

Table of Contents Symptoms Aetiology Clinical Findings Investigations Referrals Exercise Prescription Evaluation of Treatment Outcomes Differential Diagnoses Prognosis Symptoms There is gradual onset of diffuse pain or ache, and stiffness in the shoulder after previous trauma or immobilisation. Physiotherapy, after manipulation under anaesthesia and arthroscopic release, improves the condition dramatically. Secondary problems in the neck …

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Anterior Shoulder Dislocation

Table of Contents Symptoms Aetiology Clinical Findings Investigations Treatment for Anterior Shoulder Dislocation in Singapore Referrals Exercise Prescription Evaluation of Treatment Outcomes Differential Diagnoses Prognosis Symptoms There is acute onset of localised swelling and pain over the anterior part of the shoulder with deformation, after an excessive external rotation and abduction trauma. This is the …

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Squeaker’s Wrist

Table of Contents Symptoms Aetiology Clinical Findings Investigations Treatment Referrals Exercise Prescription Evaluation of Treatment Outcomes Differential Diagnoses Prognosis Symptoms There is exercise-induced pain and crepitation and swelling 6-8 cm proximal to Lister’s tubercle at the wrist. Aetiology These symptoms are caused by a peri-tendinous bursitis between the first (abductor pollucis longus, extensor pollucis brevis) …

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Iliopsoas Related Groin Pain

Table of Contents Symptoms Aetiology Clinical Findings Investigations Treatment Referrals Exercise Prescription Evaluation of Treatment Outcomes Differential Diagnoses Prognosis Symptoms Gradual onset of diffuse or localised exercise-induced groin pain and occasionally lower back pain. A runner often complains that he cannot produce enough force in the stride forwards and a footballer cannot strike a ball …

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Chondromalacia Patella

Table of Contents Symptoms Aetiology Clinical Findings Investigations Treatment for Chondromalacia Patella in Singapore Referrals Exercise Prescription Evaluation of Treatment Outcomes Differential Diagnoses Prognosis Symptoms There is gradual onset of diffuse exercise-induced pain around the anterior part of the knee. Prolonged sitting or squatting often trigger the symptoms (positive movie sign). Walking down stairs is …

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