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A Patient’s Guide to Nutrition and Surgery

General surgery nutrition

General surgery nutrition

Introduction

Surgery always means a certain amount of risk to your well being. Surgery is a deliberate, skillful injury to your body. It may take you several weeks to months to heal. Infections and blood loss are two possible complications that your surgeon will want to help you avoid. […]

A Patient’s Guide to Nutraceuticals (Dietary Supplements)

Nutraceuticals

Introduction

Nutraceuticals

Nutraceutical is a new word, invented by Dr. Stephen DeFelice in 1989. It is two words put together: nutritional and pharmaceutical. Nutraceuticals are dietary supplements that are also called functional foods.

According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), a nutraceutical is any substance that is a food or a […]

Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a very common disorder affecting the skeleton. In a patient with osteoporosis, the bones begin losing their minerals and support beams, leaving the skeleton brittle and prone to fractures. About 80 percent of people with osteoporosis are women. This is in part because their bone mass is generally less than men, and women […]

Heels problem

1. What are the various problems which heel wearing can cause? Is it limited to the feet or body too?

Heels and pain are sides of the same coin. No doubt that woman look great in high heels, however there are many orthopaedic problems associated with this.

Most of the women suffer form foot pain […]

Health Benefits of Exercise

Regular exercise can help protect you from heart disease and stroke, high blood pressure, noninsulin-dependent diabetes, obesity, back pain, osteoporosis, and can improve your mood and help you to better manage stress.

For the greatest overall health benefits, experts recommend that you do 20 to 30 minutes of aerobic activity three or more times a […]

Neuropsychological Testing

Neuropsychological tests are functional cognitive instruments that are used to assess changes in attention, concentration, memory, information-processing speed, and motor speed or coordination. These tests provide a validated means to quantify cognitive weakness, and it is increasingly clear that neuropsychological assessment is a useful tool for measuring both the initial and recovery stages of athletes […]

Current Grading Systems

More than 15 grading systems and return-to-play parameters have been published to guide the team physician, trainer, and coach in the evaluation and management of concussion. However, because of a lack of scientific foundation, these recommendations and grading systems are relatively arbitrary guides.

For example, most concussion grading systems determine return-to-play decisions based on the […]

Management of Concussion

The management of concussion has three crucial considerations. First, immediate neurologic emergencies must be identified. Second, the devastating scenario of second-impact syndrome must be prevented, and the risk of recurrent concussive episodes should be minimized.

Finally, the cumulative effects of repeated concussion, which may lead to CTBI, must be avoided. The identification of neurologic emergencies […]

Chronic Traumatic Brain Injury

The long-term sequelae of multiple concussive events remain unclear. In boxers, dementia puglistica or punch drunk syndrome, which includes a pattern of ataxia, pyramidal tract dysfunction, tremor, impaired memory, dysarthria, and behavioral changes, has long been recognized as a result of the cumulative effects of concussions.

More recently, the term chronic traumatic brain injury (CTBI) […]

Second-Impact Syndrome

An extremely rare but life-threatening consequence of premature return-to-play is the second-impact syndrome. This occurs when an athlete who has not completely recovered from an initial concussive event sustains a second head trauma.

The second event may be relatively minor, but a catastrophic increase in intracranial pressure can occur because of dysregulation of cerebral blood […]