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A Patient’s Guide to Nutrition and Surgery

General surgery nutrition

General surgery nutrition

Introduction

Surgery always means a certain amount of risk to your well being. Surgery is a deliberate, skillful injury to your body. It may take you several weeks to months to heal. Infections and blood loss are two possible complications that your surgeon will want to help you avoid. […]

A Patient’s Guide to Nutraceuticals (Dietary Supplements)

Nutraceuticals

Introduction

Nutraceuticals

Nutraceutical is a new word, invented by Dr. Stephen DeFelice in 1989. It is two words put together: nutritional and pharmaceutical. Nutraceuticals are dietary supplements that are also called functional foods.

According to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), a nutraceutical is any substance that is a food or a […]

Heels problem

1. What are the various problems which heel wearing can cause? Is it limited to the feet or body too?

Heels and pain are sides of the same coin. No doubt that woman look great in high heels, however there are many orthopaedic problems associated with this.

Most of the women suffer form foot pain […]

Neuropsychological Testing

Neuropsychological tests are functional cognitive instruments that are used to assess changes in attention, concentration, memory, information-processing speed, and motor speed or coordination. These tests provide a validated means to quantify cognitive weakness, and it is increasingly clear that neuropsychological assessment is a useful tool for measuring both the initial and recovery stages of athletes […]

Concussion-Epidemiology

Overall, it is estimated that approximately 300,000 sports-related concussive events occur in the United States annually. It has been estimated that 3.9% to 7.7% of high school and college athletes sustain a concussion each year.

Contact sports in particular place athletes at risk for head trauma. Football is recognized as having the highest risk; however, […]

Head Injuries and Concussion

Key Points

Traumatic events can lead to both primary injuries [e.g., scalp lacerations, intracranial bleeds, skull fractures, concussion, and diffuse axonal injury, (DAI)] and later, secondary injuries (e.g., herniation syndromes, diffuse edema, and hypoxic/ischemic injuries). Initial evaluation and treatment should progress through the ABCs (airway, breathing, and circulation) of trauma resuscitation. Glasgow Coma Scale is […]

Lower extremity training

Proprioceptive balance and agility exercises

One foot balance

Holding on to a stable object (kitchen counter, table), practice balancing on your affected leg with:

– eyes open; – eyes closed; – standing on a book or pillow; – gradually letting go of the support.

Time yourself; try to increase the length of time you are […]

Principles

Biomechanical considerations

The range of movement of a joint is normally limited by the articular surfaces, the ligaments, and the joint capsule, and by the length and flexibility of muscles and tendons. The ligaments and joint capsule are comparatively inelastic and are responsible for maintaining passive stability, while muscles and tendons control active stability.Muscles, tendons, […]

Training and exercising

Basic physical fitness

Good physical fitness is of the utmost importance in avoiding injury. Those whose basic fitness is below normal are more prone to injury both from trauma and from overuse.After a period of inactivity, the ability of the body tissues to utilize oxygen decreases noticeably. In one experiment, five healthy test subjects stayed […]

Extreme environments

Preventive measures

Basic physical fitness

Anyone traveling into remote places should first achieve basic physical fitness. A long hike should not be attempted before practicing its unfamiliar aspects, such as carrying a full backpack. Equipment The equipment carried must be carefully chosen to meet the demands of the hike. Shoes should always be well worn-in […]