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Palpation of soft tissue

Gluteus maximus

The muscle belly of the gluteus maxim us and fat deposits are responsible for the typical shape of the buttocks. The muscle is palpable over its entire width. Extension of the thigh brings it into a contracted position. The upper border of the muscle coincides with the line connecting the upper border of the trochanter with the upper
border of the posterior superior iliac spine. The lower border of the muscle is not the lower border of the gluteal fold as the latter consists merely of fat tissue.

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