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A Patient’s Guide: Treatment for Shoulder Dislocations in Singapore

What is Shoulder Dislocation?

A shoulder dislocation is a painful and disabling injury of the glenohumeral joint. Most dislocations are anterior (forward) but the shoulder can dislocate posteriorly (backwards). Inferior and posterolateral dislocations are possible but occur much less often. The specific type of dislocation is based on the position of the humeral head […]

A Patient’s Guide to Sternoclavicular Joint Problems (Shoulder / Collarbone Area Pain) 2020

What is Sternoclavicular (SC) Joint?

The sternoclavicular (SC) joint is important because it helps support the shoulder. The SC joint links the bones of the arms and shoulder to the vertical skeleton.

Most SC joint problems are relatively minor. However, certain types of injuries require immediate medical attention.

This article will help you understand:

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Bursa Injuries (Bursitis Treatment) in Singapore

Bursae are small, fluid-filled sacs whose function is to reduce friction, distribute stress, and protect the underlying structures. They may be found between a bone and a tendon, between two tendons, or between a bone or tendon and the overlying skin.

There are a number of permanent bursae around the hips, knees, feet, shoulders, and […]

Humeral Bone (Upper Arms) Deficiency

Introduction

Humeral head defects are commonly present in patients with shoulder instability. The defects are usually small and carry the eponym Hill-Sachs lesion when secondary to anterior instability and reverse Hill-Sachs lesions when secondary to posterior instability.

Although quite ubiquitous in recurrent anterior shoulder instability, the management of large Hill-Sachs defects remains controversial especially in […]

Tear & Inflammation of the Deltoid Muscle (Treatment in Singapore)

Tears of the deltoid muscle, though infrequent, do occur in team handball and volleyball players, American footballers, weightlifters, wrestlers, and other athletes.

The muscle is damaged in most cases by direct impact, but it can also be injured by overuse. The tear affects only a small part of the muscle, making it difficult to […]

About Dynamic Stability Factors of Glenohumeral (Shoulder) Joint

What is Glenohumeral (Shoulder) Stability?

Glenohumeral (Shoulder) stability is mainly achieved through dynamic factors. Active contraction of the rotator cuff contributes to joint stabilization by coordinated muscular activity and by secondary tightening of the ligamentous constraints. This effect works in combination with the concavity-compression mechanism, in which muscle contraction causes compression of nearly congruent articular […]

Shoulder Examination in Singapore: Resisted External Rotation

Positioning

The subject stands with the upper arm against the body and the elbow flexed to a right angle. The forearm is held in the sagittal plane, so keeping the shoulder in a neutral position. The examiner stands level with the subject’s arm. He places one hand on the opposite shoulder and the other […]

Examination: Palpation of the Subscapularis (Shoulder Muscle) Tendon

The subscapularis muscle belly can only be reached by bringing the hand in between the scapula and the thorax. It cannot really be palpated. The tendinous insertion on the lesser tuberosity, however, can easily be palpated.

The subject is in a half lying position on a couch, the upper arm along the body and […]

Treatment for Hemorrhagic Bursitis in Singapore

Introduction

The usual cause of bleeding into a bursa is a direct impact such as a fall. It may also be caused indirectly by tendon rupture or by bleeding within a joint to which the bursa is connected. Blood within the bursa causes chemical irritation, and in severe cases, may clot and cause adhesion of […]

Biomechanics of Shoulder Stability (Static Stability Factor)

The glenohumeral (shoulder) joint is inherently unstable, with the large humeral head articulating with the small and shallow glenoid. Static stability is provided by the orientation of the articular surfaces, the articular conformity of humerus and the glenoid, the glenoid labrum, the negative intra-articular pressure, the adhesion-cohesion of synovial joint fluid, and the glenohumeral joint […]