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Apprehension test in external rotation


The test is performed to detect recurrent anterior dislocation of the shoulder.The test is positive when the patient gets the
feeling that the shoulder moves out of place, so recognizing her symptoms.


The subject lies supine with the arm alongSide the body and the elbow flexed to 90°. The examiner sits level with the subject’s shoulder. One hand is on the subject’s shoulder with the fingers anteriorly and the thumb posteriorly against the humeral head. The other hand takes hold of the forearm.


Bring the subject’s arm into full external rotation, meanwhile exerting an anterior pressure on the humerus with the thumb.Repeat this test in different degrees of abduction.

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