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Other Diagnostic Tools

Blood work, such as a complete blood count (CBC), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein, and blood cultures, may be useful to confirm and to follow spinal infections. A rheumatological workup may be ordered if seronegative spondyloarthropathy, such as ankylosing spondylitis, is suspected.

The use of electrophysiological testing can confirm a clinical diagnosis, such as multiple sclerosis or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig’s disease). These tests include nerve conduction studies and electromyelography, which may help to localize nerve injury lesions, to determine the extent of injury, and to assist in prognosis .

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