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Approach to Treatment for Adhesive Capsulitis

A decision regarding whether and when to provide treatment for a medical condition is most often based on a complete understanding of the natural history of that disease. Unfortunately, the natural history of adhesive capsulitis is poorly understood. Although reports on this disease and its treatment have been numerous, clinical observations have varied widely with […]

Tendon Injuries

Closed injuries to tendons of the hand and wrist are common in the athlete. These problems are often neglected and may not be seen by a physician until the end of the season, when the athlete notes a significant disability. Failure to initiate treatment in the acute stages may jeopardize the final result. Every effort […]

PIP Joint Injuries

The proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint (of the two finger joints, this is the joint nearest to the palm) is the most commonly injured joint in the hand. Loss of motion is common following injury to the joint and may even be seen in uninjured joints that have been immobilized for other reasons. Any fixed deformity […]

Return to Sport

Athletes with conservatively treated traction overload tendinitis may often be able to return to sports 3–4 months after the onset of symptoms. Athletes with partial rotator cuff tears may need 4–6 months before they return to sports after surgical treatment; athletes with complete rotator cuff tears may need even longer. A tennis player can often […]

Spinal Stenosis

Basics Description Compression of neural elements secondary to osteoarthritic changes (bone spurs, hypertrophied ligamentum flavum, disc space narrowing) at intervertebral levels and facet joints Characterized by back and/or lower extremity pain, numbness, weakness, and possible bladder/bowel dysfunction. General Prevention No known preventive measures Epidemiology Symptoms develop during the 5th and 6th decades. No gender […]

Hip Arthritis

Basics Description Hip arthritis is caused by loss of the articular cartilage of the acetabulum and proximal femur. As the cartilage is lost, the subchondral bone of the proximal femur and the acetabulum rub, causing pain with ambulation, loss of motion, and disability. General Prevention Low-impact exercise (swimming, biking, walking) Activity modification Weight loss […]

Common Shoulder Disorders

• Rotator Cuff Tear and Tendinitis

• Shoulder Dislocation

• Adhesive capsulitis/ Frozen Shoulder

• Bursitis


• Physiotherapy

• Shock wave therapy

• Anti-inflammatory Injection

• Arthroscopy

• Arthroscopic repair and acromioplasty


The rotator cuff is the network of muscles and tendons that forms a […]