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Casts & Plasters & Splints

Casts & Plasters & Splints

Casts & Plasters & Splints

Cast / Plaster is usually used to treat fracture with no dislocation or for soft tissue injury.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Splints and casts support and protect injured bones and soft tissue, reducing pain, swelling, and muscle spasm. In some cases, splints and casts are applied following surgery.

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Operative Treatment for Adhesive Capsulitis

Manipulation Under Anesthesia

Manipulation under anesthesia (MUA) has been used to treat adhesive capsulitis for many years. This treatment has commonly been described to prospective patients as “stretching the tight capsule” or “breaking up adhesions” within the shoulder joint. Arthroscopic visualization of the glenohumeral joint after this procedure, however, reveals that a MUA does not […]

Biceps Instability

Biceps instability takes the form of either frank dislocation or more subtle subluxation. As noted previously, the primary restraining structures holding the LHB in the bicipital groove are the medial sling and subscapularis tendon. Habermayer and Walch divided LHB dislocations into extra-articular or intra-articular. The much less common extra-articular dislocations dislodge from the bicipital groove […]

Sprains and Strains

Although the terms sprain and strain are used loosely and have no precise clinical definition, a sprain generally refers to an injury to a ligament – one of the tough, fibrous cords within a joint that connects the bones together, and a strain refers to muscle injury.

Sprains and strains often occur together in or […]

Dislocation of MCP joint

Dislocation of the MCP joint is a rare injury. When it does occur the border digits (the index and little fingers) are most commonly affected. Dorsal dislocation of the MCP joint occurs following forced hyperextension (bending backwards) of the fingers. The volar (palm) plate is ruptured and the head of the metacarpal can sometimes be […]

Glenoid Labrum Tears

Glenoid labrum tears The glenoid labrum is a fibrocartilage rim surrounding the articular surface of the glenoid cavity (the socket of the shoulder joint). The labrum contributes to stability by increasing the depth of the glenoid socket. The loss of the glenoid labrum decreases the depth of the socket by 50% in either direction. A […]

Shoulder Instability

It is important to make a distinction between laxity and instability. Shoulder laxity is a translation of the humeral head on the glenoid (socket) in the absence of clinical symptoms or pathologic changes. This means that normal shoulders may be lax without being unstable. When the laxity results in clinical symptoms and is associated with […]

Anterior Shoulder Dislocation

SYMPTOMS

There is acute onset of localised swelling and pain over the anterior part of the shoulder with deformation, after an excessive external rotation and abduction trauma. This is the most common type of dislocation in sports (85-90 per cent). Movements of the arm cause pain and the patient will protect the arm in […]

Prescription Sports

RUNNING ON A HARD SURFACE

Running is one of the most popular sports in the world. This not only covers marathons and track and field running – running is also part of the training in virtually all other sports, including soccer, rugby, handball and triathlon. Running is a very efficient method for maintaining or improving […]

Tibial Plateau Fracture

Basics

Description The tibial plateau is the proximal weightbearing surface of the tibia. Articulates with the femoral condyles to form the knee joint Can be divided into medial and lateral components A tibial plateau fracture is any fracture involving the proximal articular surface of the tibia (Fig. 1). Classification by Schatzker et al. : Type […]