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Resisted extension

Positioning.

The subject stands with the arm alongside the body, the elbow flexed to 90° and the forearm in supination. The examiner stands level with the elbow. One hand supports the distal part of the forearm and the other hand is on top of the shoulder.

Procedure.

Resist the subject’s attempt to extend the elbow.

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Resisted extension of the elbow

Positioning..

The subject stands with the arm alongside the body and the elbow bent to a right angle with the forearm in supination. The examiner stands level with the subject’s forearm.One hand is on top of the shoulder, the other on the distal aspect of the forearm.

Procedure.

Resist the subject’s attempt to extend […]

Resisted flexion of the elbow

Positioning.

The subject stands with the arm alongside the body, the elbow bent to a right angle and the forearm in full supination. The examiner stands level with the subject’s hand.One hand is on top of the shoulder and the other on the distal aspect of the forearm.

Procedure. Resist the subject’s attempt to […]

Resisted internal rotation

Positioning.

The subject stands with the upper arm against the body and the elbow flexed to a right angle. The forearm is held in the sagittal plane, so keeping the shoulder in a neutral position. The examiner stands level with the subject’s arm. He places one hand on the opposite shoulder and the other hand […]

Resisted external rotation

Positioning.

The subject stands with the upper arm against the body and the elbow flexed to a right angle. The forearm is held in the sagittal plane, so keeping the shoulder in a neutral position.The examiner stands level with the subject’s arm. He places one hand on the opposite shoulder and the other hand against […]

Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex Tears

The triangular fibrocartilage (TFC) is a cartilaginous disk, much like the meniscus cartilage of the knee, which overlies the distal aspect of the ulna in the wrist joint. It is part of the TFC complex (TFCC) which supports the carpal bones on the ulnar side of the wrist and provides some stability for the distal […]