ecchymosis

Biceps Tendon Rupture

Basics Description The biceps tendon can rupture proximally near the shoulder or distally near the elbow. Most ruptures occur proximally. Proximally, the biceps helps depress and stabilize the humeral head, whereas distally it is the primary supinator of the forearm and assists in elbow flexion. Epidemiology Incidence Typically occurs in males >40 years old These …

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Ankle Fracture

Basics Description Fractures of the distal end of the fibula and tibia are termed ankle fractures. Usually caused by the twisting of the body around a planted foot or a misstep that results in overstressing the ankle joint Severe fractures may result in dislocation of the ankle. 2 fracture classification systems are used currently: Lauge-Hansen  …

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