Specialists

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Adhesive Capsulitis

Key Points

True shoulder stiffness is the loss of passive range of motion in the shoulder. Many patients who complain of stiffness do not have true shoulder stiffness. Rather, they have pain and inflammation, and because movement results in discomfort, they guard against painful movement and appear to have lost range of motion. Stiffness arising […]

Biceps Tendon

Key Points

The long head of the biceps (LHB) originates at and around the supraglenoid tubercle. Although it is intra-articular, it is extrasynovial. Although acute ruptures of the LHB do occur, LHB ruptures are more commonly the result of chronic biceps tendonitis.

There is such a close association between subacromial impingement and biceps tendonitis that […]

Management-Techniques

The technique and approach of surgical decompression of the suprascapular nerve is dependent on the location of the presumed etiology of the nerve dysfunction. If the pathology is at the suprascapular notch, then the transverse scapular ligament and suprascapular notch may be approached anteriorly, superiorly, or posteriorly.

The anterior approach uses a saber-type incision, just […]

Etiology of Running Injuries

The etiology of running injuries is multifactorial. Factors may be extrinsic or intrinsic.

Running

Running is an effective way to exercise large muscle groups and has a documented effect in the preservation of health and in the prevention of cardiovascular problems. However, it is a potentially harmful activity, and running injuries are common—although 2–2.5 times […]

Cubital Tunnel Syndrome

Basics Description Cubital tunnel syndrome consists of pain and paresthesias over the medial border of the forearm and hand, as well as weakness in an ulnar nerve distribution from compression of the ulnar nerve as it passes through the cubital tunnel at the elbow. It affects the elbow, forearm, and hand in the ulnar […]

Achondroplasia

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Basics Description Achondroplasia is the most common skeletal dysplasia. Characteristics: Patient height <4.5 feet at maturity The greatest shortening occurs in the proximal humerus and femur . Hypoplasia of the midface and frontal bossing may be present. Arthritis is rarely seen, but spinal stenosis is the most serious possible complication. Affects the skeletal […]

Accessory Navicular

Basics Description

This anatomic variant consists of an accessory ossicle located at the medial edge of the navicular Accessory ossicles are derived from unfused ossification centers. Considered an incidental finding on radiographs, but may become symptomatic Classification: 3 major types of accessory navicular adjacent to the posteromedial navicular tuberosity Type I: Small, 3-mm sesamoid […]