Specialists

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Peritenonitis (Peritendinitis)

Repetitive one-sided movements or persistent mechanical irritation may cause an inflammatory reaction in the tendon sheath, and a minor inflammatory reaction in the tendon itself. The condition frequently becomes chronic and can be difficult to treat.

Location

The Achilles tendon peritenon is mostly affected, along with the sheath and the tendons of the long head […]

Anterior Impingement Syndrome

SYMPTOMS

There is a gradually increasing stiffness of the ankle and exercise-induced pain around the anterior part of the ankle joint, often after previous sprain.

AETIOLOGY

Impingement syndrome is not a diagnosis but a symptom and may be caused by repetitive trauma to the anterior ankle joint, for example from striking footballs, recurrent sprains causing […]

Syndactyly

Basics Description Webbed fingers (or toes) , usually detected at birth Classification: Internal involvement: Simple (skin only) versus complex (bony involvement/fusion) Extent of syndactyly: Complete (entire length of digits involved) versus incomplete (some part of fingers joined) Synonym: Webbed digits Epidemiology More common in Caucasian males Incidence Syndactyly occurs per ~1 per 2,000 births […]

Extensor Tendon Laceration

Basics Description Extensor tendon lacerations are common because of the superficial location of the extensor tendons on the back of the hand. Tendon disruption often is indicated by a change in the posture of the hand or fingers. The most distal injury, at the DIP joint, shows a mallet-type of deformity. An injury over […]

A Patient’s Guide to Wrist Anatomy

Introduction

The anatomy of the wrist joint is extremely complex, probably the most complex of all the joints in the body. The wrist is actually a collection of many bones and joints. These bones and joints let us use our hands in lots of different ways. The wrist must be extremely mobile to give our […]

A Patient’s Guide to Kienbock’s Disease

Introduction

Kienbock’s disease is a condition in which one of the small bones of the wrist loses its blood supply and dies, causing pain and stiffness with wrist motion. In the late stages of the disease, the bone collapses, shifting the position of other bones in the wrist. This shifting eventually leads to degenerative changes […]

A Patient’s Guide to Swan Neck Deformity of the Finger

Introduction

Normal finger position and movement occur from the balanced actions of many important structures. Ligaments support the finger joints. Muscles hold and move the fingers. Tendons help control the fine motion of each finger joint. Disease or injury can disturb the balance in these structures, altering normal finger alignment and function. The result may […]