Specialists

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Anatomy of The Lumbar Back Muscles-External Oblique

The external oblique originates from the inferior border and outer surfaces of the lower eight ribs. It interdigitates with the serratus anterior and latissimus dorsi, with upper, middle, and lower attachments. The upper and middle fibers attach into the abdominal aponeurosis.

The posterior attachments descend to insert on the anterior half of the iliac crest. […]

Definitions

Panjabi introduced a spinal stability system that includes passive, active, and control subsystems. The passive subsystems involve the osteoarticular and ligamentous components, which provide restraint primarily in the end range of motion. The active subsystems are of great interest in the research and clinical fields for looking at the role of muscle and fascia and […]

Intramuscular Hematoma

Bleeding within a muscle may be caused by rupture or impact . It begins within the muscle sheath (fascia) and causes an increase in intramuscular pressure which counteracts any tendency to further bleeding by compressing the blood vessels. The resultant swelling persists beyond the first 48 hours and is accompanied by tenderness, pain, and impaired […]

Femoral Shaft Fracture in the Adult

Basics Description Femoral shaft fractures occur in the diaphysis of the bone. High-energy trauma such as vehicular accidents, falls, or gunshots are the common causes of these fractures in normal bone. Low-energy trauma may cause femoral shaft fractures in pathologic or osteoporotic bone. Classification: Winquist and Hansen assessed fractures according to the proportion of […]

Computed Tomography

Basics Description CT is a noninvasive diagnostic technique that uses a rotational radiographic source to generate cross-sectional images. CT is particularly advantageous for musculoskeletal imaging when used with multiplanar, volume-rendered reconstruction techniques. Etiology Chronology of development : 1972: Introduction 1974-1976: 1st clinical scanners installed 1980: Became widely available 1985-1986: Introduction of modern applications, such […]

Heel Pain (Plantar Fascilitis)

WHAT IS HEEL PAIN (PLANTAR FASCILITIS)?

Plantar fascilitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain. It is due to inflammation of a thick band of tissue called the plantar fascia, which runs across the bottom of the foot, connecting the heel bone to the toes.

HOW IS HEEL PAIN (PLANTAR FASCIITIS) DIAGNOSED?

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A Patient’s Guide to Dupuytren’s Contracture

Introduction

Dupuytren’s contracture is a fairly common disorder of the fingers. It most often affects the ring or little finger, sometimes both, and often in both hands. Although the exact cause is unknown, it occurs most often in middle-aged, white men and is genetic in nature, meaning it runs in families. This condition is seven […]