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Phalanx Fracture

Basics Description A phalanx fracture is a break in 1 or more phalanges in the fingers. Finger fractures are classified by: Which phalanx is involved Location within the phalanx Pattern Complexity Open or closed Stable or unstable to motion Epidemiology Fractures of the metacarpals and the phalanges are common. Occur among all ages Common […]

Hand Anatomy and Examination

Basics Description The hand is a unique organ that allows humans to work and to create. The hand can be conveniently divided into the palmar (volar) and dorsal parts. The volar portion of the hand contains the major digital nerves, the flexor tendons, and the muscles that allow finger movement. The bony architecture is […]

Flexor Tendon Laceration

Basics Description Flexor tendon laceration may require emergency surgical repair, depending on: Location of the laceration Hand dominance Age and occupation of the patient Lacerations located between the distal transverse palmar crease and the PIP joint flexor crease represent an area of increased risk from scarring or adhesions and poor functional outcome resulting from […]

Dupuytren Contracture

Basics Description Dupuytren contracture is a proliferative disorder of subcutaneous palmar fibrous tissue (fascia) that occurs in the form of nodules and cords and results in contractures of the finger joints. It occurs typically in men in the 5th to 7th decades. Younger patients are more likely to have rapid progression of disease with […]

Mallet Finger


Mallet finger occurs when the outermost joint of the finger is injured. With mallet finger, the tendon on the back of the finger is separated from the muscles it connects.


Commonly an athletic injury where basketball and baseball players routinely experience jammed fingers, but the injury can […]

A Patient’s Guide to Scaphoid Fracture of the Wrist


Doctors commonly diagnose a sprained wrist after a patient falls on an outstretched hand. However, if pain and swelling don’t go away, doctors become suspicious that the injury is actually more serious. A fall on an outstretched hand commonly breaks the scaphoid bone of the wrist. X-rays taken at the time of the injury […]

A Patient’s Guide to Ligament Injuries of the Wrist


Wrist injuries are common. If a wrist injury causes significant damage to the ligaments, it can result in serious problems in the wrist. Such an injury typically continues to cause problems unless corrected.

This guide will help you understand

how ligament injuries of the wrist occur what your doctor will do to diagnose serious […]

A Patient’s Guide to Swan Neck Deformity of the Finger


Normal finger position and movement occur from the balanced actions of many important structures. Ligaments support the finger joints. Muscles hold and move the fingers. Tendons help control the fine motion of each finger joint. Disease or injury can disturb the balance in these structures, altering normal finger alignment and function. The result may […]

A Patient’s Guide to PIP Joint Injuries of the Finger


We use our hands constantly, placing them in harm’s way continuously. Injuries to the finger joints are common and usually heal without significant problems. Some injuries are more serious and may develop problems if not treated carefully. One such injury is a sprain of the proximal interphalangeal joint, or PIP joint, of the finger. […]

A Patient’s Guide to Finger Fusion Surgery


Arthritis of the finger joints may be surgically treated with a fusion procedure. Fusion keeps the problem joints from moving so that pain is eliminated.

This guide will help you understand

what parts make up the finger joint why this type of surgery is used how the operation is performed what to expect before […]