Specialists

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Lisfranc Fracture-Dislocation

Basics Description Dislocation of the TMT joints of the foot. Can occur at any age Often accompanied by fractures around the TMT joints Classification: Type A: Total incongruity of TMT joint Type B: Partial incongruity of TMT joint complex, either medial or lateral Type C: Divergent (1st metatarsal medial, 2nd-5th lateral) Epidemiology Incidence Lisfranc […]

Friedreich Ataxia

Basics Description Friedreich ataxia is an uncommon, heritable disorder causing progressive spinocerebellar degeneration. Scoliosis, ataxia, and foot deformities are the most common findings. Systems affected: Central nervous system; Heart; Skeleton Classification: No subclassifications are used in Friedreich ataxia. It is classified under the category spinocerebellar degeneration, and it is the most common example of […]

Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip

Basics Description DDH covers a spectrum of varying degrees of superolateral displacement of the femur and deformation of the acetabulum, developing mostly in utero or, rarely, in infancy. It usually is discovered on routine screening in early childhood. It occasionally is discovered in teens with a limp or pain, in which case it probably […]

Compartment Syndrome of the Foot

Basics Description Compartment syndrome of the foot occurs when bleeding and interstitial edema in the muscle compartments of the foot cause a substantial decrease in capillary perfusion, resulting in myoneural ischemia and eventual necrosis. General Prevention Prevention of the long-term sequelae of compartment syndrome requires a high level of suspicion for the diagnosis. Epidemiology […]

Clubfoot

Basics Description Clubfoot, or talipes equinovarus, is a complex deformity seen at birth. It can be divided into 3 elements: Equinus of the heel Varus and internal rotation of the hindfoot Adductus of the forefoot Equinus (horse) is used to describe a plantarflexed position because horses walk with their heels in complete plantarflexion, and […]