Specialists

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Compartment Syndrome

Basics Description

Increase in tissue pressure within a limited space, compromising circulation and function of the contents of the space. Acute compartment syndrome is a limb-threatening emergency. Chronic (or exercise-induced or exertional) compartment syndrome usually is a self-limited symptomatic disorder. The elevated tissue pressure causes decreased perfusion, which can lead to necrosis of tissues and […]

Compartment Syndrome of the Foot

Basics Description Compartment syndrome of the foot occurs when bleeding and interstitial edema in the muscle compartments of the foot cause a substantial decrease in capillary perfusion, resulting in myoneural ischemia and eventual necrosis. General Prevention Prevention of the long-term sequelae of compartment syndrome requires a high level of suspicion for the diagnosis. Epidemiology […]

Clubfoot

Basics Description Clubfoot, or talipes equinovarus, is a complex deformity seen at birth. It can be divided into 3 elements: Equinus of the heel Varus and internal rotation of the hindfoot Adductus of the forefoot Equinus (horse) is used to describe a plantarflexed position because horses walk with their heels in complete plantarflexion, and […]

Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease

Basics Description Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is the most common hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy. Involvement progresses from distal to proximal: Lower extremity wasting, weakness, and cavovarus feet develop, followed in some cases by upper extremity weakness. 5 recognized types: Type I (hypertrophic form): The most common form (50% of patients) Thickened nerves have abnormal myelin […]

Ankle Fracture

Basics Description Fractures of the distal end of the fibula and tibia are termed ankle fractures. Usually caused by the twisting of the body around a planted foot or a misstep that results in overstressing the ankle joint Severe fractures may result in dislocation of the ankle. 2 fracture classification systems are used currently: […]

Heel Pain (Plantar Fascilitis)

WHAT IS HEEL PAIN (PLANTAR FASCILITIS)?

Plantar fascilitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain. It is due to inflammation of a thick band of tissue called the plantar fascia, which runs across the bottom of the foot, connecting the heel bone to the toes.

HOW IS HEEL PAIN (PLANTAR FASCIITIS) DIAGNOSED?

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Prolotherapy Therapy with Platelet Rich Plasma

Tendons and ligaments connect muscles to bones, making it possible to do all kinds of physical activities. Overuse or damage to tendons over a long period of time causes the collagen fibers that make up the tendons to form small tears, a condition called Tendinosis. Ligaments are composed of collagen fibers and hold bones together, […]

A Patient’s Guide to Sesamoid Problems

Introduction

Two pea-sized bones, called sesamoids, are embedded within the soft tissues under the main joint of the big toe. Even though they are small in size, the sesamoids play an important role in how the foot and big toe work. If the sesamoids are injured, they can be a source of severe pain and […]

A Patient’s Guide to Posterior Tibial Tendon Problems

Introduction

Because we use our feet continuously, tendonitis in the foot is a common problem. One of the most frequently affected tendons is the posterior tibial tendon.

This guide will help you understand

how posterior tendonitis develops how the condition causes problems what can be done to treat it

Anatomy

Where is the posterior tibial […]

A Patient’s Guide to Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Talus

Introduction

Osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) is a problem that causes pain and stiffness of the ankle joint. It can occur in all age groups. Most cases of OCD usually follow a twisting injury to the ankle and are actually fractures of the joint surface.

This guide will help you understand

how OCD develops how the condition […]