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Casts & Plasters & Splints

Casts & Plasters & Splints

Casts & Plasters & Splints

Cast / Plaster is usually used to treat fracture with no dislocation or for soft tissue injury.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Splints and casts support and protect injured bones and soft tissue, reducing pain, swelling, and muscle spasm. In some cases, splints and casts are applied following surgery.

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Mallet Finger

WHAT IS MALLET FINGER?

Mallet finger occurs when the outermost joint of the finger is injured. With mallet finger, the tendon on the back of the finger is separated from the muscles it connects.

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES?

Commonly an athletic injury where basketball and baseball players routinely experience jammed fingers, but the injury can […]

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

WHAT IS CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME?

Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs when the median nerve which runs from the forearm into the hand becomes pressed or squeezed at the wrist. This results in pain, weakness, or numbness in the hand and wrist, radiating up the arm.

HOW IS CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME DIAGNOSED?

A physical examination help determine […]

Geriatric Home Care Tips

The most common geriatric orthopedic problems are osteoporosis, back pain and Osteoarthritis of the knee.

Osteoporosis is a degenerative disease which is characterized by progressive loss of bone mass throughout the body. Osteoporosis may strikes at any age but is more common among older people. If an elderly need a special care, then an elderly […]

Biomechanics

The most common mechanism of injury to the axillary nerve is closed trauma involving a traction injury to the shoulder,such as stretching of the nerve over the humeral head during an anterior shoulder dislocation. The incidence of axillary nerve injury has been reported to be between 19% and 55% following an anterior shoulder dislocation and […]

Chest injuries

Fractured rib Fractured ribs are common, especially in contact sports. They can occur after a direct blow with a blunt object, such as the handle of a stick, or as a result of forceful compression of the chest during a hard body tackle, as in rugby or ice hockey.

Symptoms and diagnosis – Pain is […]

Dislocation of MCP joint

Dislocation of the MCP joint is a rare injury. When it does occur the border digits (the index and little fingers) are most commonly affected. Dorsal dislocation of the MCP joint occurs following forced hyperextension (bending backwards) of the fingers. The volar (palm) plate is ruptured and the head of the metacarpal can sometimes be […]

Contusions and lacerations

Contusions are the most common injury in the hand. Care must be taken to rule out more serious injuries such as fractures and ligamentous or tendinous injuries. A contusion can lead to trauma-induced tendonitis; however, the majority of these, too, can be treated with time and conservative measures.

Lacerations of the hand also are very […]

Perilunate Dislocation

Perilunate dislocation is a dorsal dislocation of the capitate in relation to the lunate bone, which may sometimes be dislocated anteriorly at the same time. It may occur in association with a dislocation or fracture of the scaphoid and is caused by forced dorsiflexion or axial compression of the wrist.

Symptoms and diagnosis

– Changed […]

Fracture of the Olecranon

A fracture of the olecranon process can be caused by a fall on a bent elbow during contact sports, or in speedway racing and horse riding. The symptoms are swelling and tenderness over the elbow and an inability to straighten the joint. Surgery is often required as the triceps tendon pulls the fractured surfaces away […]