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Casts & Plasters & Splints

Casts & Plasters & Splints

Casts & Plasters & Splints

Cast / Plaster is usually used to treat fracture with no dislocation or for soft tissue injury.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Splints and casts support and protect injured bones and soft tissue, reducing pain, swelling, and muscle spasm. In some cases, splints and casts are applied following surgery.

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Geriatric Home Care Tips

The most common geriatric orthopedic problems are osteoporosis, back pain and Osteoarthritis of the knee.

Osteoporosis is a degenerative disease which is characterized by progressive loss of bone mass throughout the body. Osteoporosis may strikes at any age but is more common among older people. If an elderly need a special care, then an elderly […]

Biomechanics

The most common mechanism of injury to the axillary nerve is closed trauma involving a traction injury to the shoulder,such as stretching of the nerve over the humeral head during an anterior shoulder dislocation. The incidence of axillary nerve injury has been reported to be between 19% and 55% following an anterior shoulder dislocation and […]

Dislocation of MCP joint

Dislocation of the MCP joint is a rare injury. When it does occur the border digits (the index and little fingers) are most commonly affected. Dorsal dislocation of the MCP joint occurs following forced hyperextension (bending backwards) of the fingers. The volar (palm) plate is ruptured and the head of the metacarpal can sometimes be […]

Tibial Spine Avulsion Fracture

SYMPTOMS

This injury is caused by a sprain and prevents continuation of sport in a young growing athlete usually below or just above 15 years of age. The symptoms are immediate haemarthrosis, which is caused by bleeding from the bone, and pain. This is an injury that is not uncommon in contact sports such […]

Tibial Shaft Fracture

Basics

Description A fracture of the diaphysis (usually midportion) of the tibia Classification: Fractures are classified by the amount of comminution and the position of the fracture. The AO system can be used to describe the fracture further. Open fractures are classified by the system of Gustilo and Anderson. Epidemiology Can occur in any age […]

Tibial Plateau Fracture

Basics

Description The tibial plateau is the proximal weightbearing surface of the tibia. Articulates with the femoral condyles to form the knee joint Can be divided into medial and lateral components A tibial plateau fracture is any fracture involving the proximal articular surface of the tibia (Fig. 1). Classification by Schatzker et al. : Type […]

ThoracoLumbar Spine Fracture and Dislocation

Basics

Description Most spine fractures occur in the thoracolumbar region. TL1 is the most frequently injured area. Concomitant spine injuries are present in up to 15% of patients. Associated abdominal injuries are present in ~20% of patients. The Denis 3-column classification (1,2) is the system most commonly used to describe thoracolumbar fractures. Divides the thoracolumbar […]

Subtrochanteric Fracture

Basics Description By definition, subtrochanteric hip fractures (or, simply, subtrochanteric fractures) extend into the region between the lesser trochanter and a point 5 cm distally. Classification: Multiple systems exist, but prognostically the most critical factor is fracture stability, which is based on the degrees of comminution of the medial and posteromedial cortex. The Russell […]

Stress Fracture

Basics Description A stress (microscopic) fracture occurs when: Repetitive stresses are applied to a bone faster than it is able to remodel to withstand this challenge. As the stressing force continues, the bone gradually fatigues and eventually breaks. Remodeling occurs in response to the stress but does not happen quickly enough to prevent the […]