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Carpal Fractures and Ligamentous Instabilities

Carpal Fractures

Carpal Fractures

The human wrist joint is a complex arrangement of small bones and ligaments that form a mobile yet stable link from the powerful forearm to the hand. The normally functioning carpus can position the hand precisely relative to the forearm and provides remarkably stable transmission of forces. Motion and stability of […]

Geriatric Home Care Tips

The most common geriatric orthopedic problems are osteoporosis, back pain and Osteoarthritis of the knee.

Osteoporosis is a degenerative disease which is characterized by progressive loss of bone mass throughout the body. Osteoporosis may strikes at any age but is more common among older people. If an elderly need a special care, then an elderly […]

Fracture of the Hook of the Hamate

The hook of the hamate bone projects anteriorly on the lateral side of the palm. A compression fracture of this bone is a rare injury, but it may occur in racket sports, baseball, ice hockey, and cycling if the handle of the racket, bat, club, stick or handlebar is compressed on to the hook of […]

Lateral Collateral Ligament Tear (LCL)

SYMPTOMS

The symptoms are immediate haemarthrosis and pain in the lateral part of the knee. This injury is common in contact sports such as football, rugby and other high-intensity sports. LCL ruptures occur during a varus sprain and cause an inability to continue sport. The forces involved are high; since the lateral knee structures are […]

Skeletal Scintigraphy

Basics Description Skeletal scintigraphy is a nuclear medicine imaging method for bone disease. Advantages: High sensitivity for early detection of disease Whole body survey Disadvantage: Limited specificity Diagnosis Signs and Symptoms Indications Whole body skeletal scintigraphy: Primary bone tumors Osteomyelitis Joint prosthesis pain Occult fractures Stress fractures and shin splints Spondylosis Reflex sympathetic dystrophy […]

Nonunion of Fractures

Basics Description Presence of a postfracture defect in a long bone beyond a reasonable expected healing date, or if no radiographic progression of healing is noted If internal fixation is used to stabilize a fracture, a race exists between fracture healing and hardware failure. Children, because of their active healing potential, rarely develop a […]

Jones Fracture

Basics Description Fracture of the base of the 5th metatarsal of the foot Injuries may be acute or stress fractures. Classification is by location of the fracture. Tuberosity avulsion fracture: No involvement of the 4th to 5th intermetatarsal joint True Jones fracture: Proximal metaphyseal fracture with involvement of the 4th to 5th intermetatarsal joint […]

Back Pain

Basics Description Low back pain, the most common musculoskeletal condition, is responsible for the loss of 17 million work days per year in the United States and ~$60 billion of the annual U.S. health care budget. 70-80% of adults experience severe back pain at some time during their lives. Back pain, which affects the […]

A Patient’s Guide to Revision Arthroplasty of the Hip

Introduction

Over the past 30 years, artificial hip replacements have become increasingly common. Millions of people have gotten a new hip joint. The first time a joint is replaced with an artificial joint, the operation is called a primary joint replacement. As people live longer and more people receive artificial joints, some of those joints […]

A Patient’s Guide to Kyphoplasty

Introduction

Patients with osteoporosis are prone to compression fractures in the spine bones, or vertebrae. The bone cracks under pressure, causing it to collapse in height. More than 700,000 such fractures occur every year in the United States.

The fracture angles the spine forward and produces a hunchbacked appearance, called kyphosis. Patients with this condition […]