Specialists

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Syndactyly

Basics Description Webbed fingers (or toes) , usually detected at birth Classification: Internal involvement: Simple (skin only) versus complex (bony involvement/fusion) Extent of syndactyly: Complete (entire length of digits involved) versus incomplete (some part of fingers joined) Synonym: Webbed digits Epidemiology More common in Caucasian males Incidence Syndactyly occurs per ~1 per 2,000 births […]

Back Pain

Basics Description Low back pain, the most common musculoskeletal condition, is responsible for the loss of 17 million work days per year in the United States and ~$60 billion of the annual U.S. health care budget. 70-80% of adults experience severe back pain at some time during their lives. Back pain, which affects the […]

A Patient’s Guide to Thoracic Disc Herniation

Introduction

A rise in the use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has led to the discovery that many people, perhaps as many as 15 percent of Americans, have a thoracic disc herniation. Seeing a herniated thoracic disc on MRI is often incidental, meaning it shows up when the person has MRI testing for another problem.

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Patient’s Guide to Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Introduction

Posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF) is a procedure used to treat problems such as disc degeneration, disc herniation, and spine instability. In this procedure, the surgeon works on the spine from the back (the posterior) and removes a spinal disc in the lower (lumbar) spine. The surgeon inserts bone graft material into the space […]

A Patient’s Guide to Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Introduction

Anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) is a procedure used to treat problems such as disc degeneration, spine instability, and deformities in the curve of the spine. In this procedure, the surgeon works on the spine from the front (anterior) and removes a spinal disc in the lower (lumbar) spine. The surgeon inserts a bone […]

A Patient’s Guide to Cervical Radiculopathy

Introduction

Neck pain has many causes. Mechanical neck pain comes from injury or inflammation in the soft tissues of the neck. This is much different and less concerning than symptoms that come from pressure on the nerve roots as they exit the spinal column. People sometimes refer to this problem as a pinched nerve. Health […]

A Patient’s Guide to Hallux Rigidus

Introduction

Hallux rigidus is a degenerative type of arthritis that affects the large joint at the base of the big toe. Degenerative arthritis results from wear and tear on the joint surface over time. The condition may follow an injury to the joint or, in some cases, may arise without a well-defined injury.

This guide […]