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Bursa Injuries

Bursae are small, fluid-filled sacs whose function is to reduce friction, distribute stress, and protect the underlying structures. They may be found between a bone and a tendon, between two tendons, or between a bone or tendon and the overlying skin. There are a number of permanent bursae around the hips, knees, feet, shoulders, and […]

Heel Pain (Plantar Fasciitis)

Basics Description Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of plantar heel pain. Other causes include: Compression of the 1st branch of the LPN Fat pad atrophy of the heel Pain and enthesopathy associated with seronegative spondyloarthropathies Tarsal tunnel syndrome Calcaneal stress fracture Geriatric Considerations Plantar heel pain in geriatric patients often is secondary […]

A Patient’s Guide to Achilles Tendon Problems

Introduction

Problems that affect the Achilles tendon include tendonitis, tendinopathy, tendocalcaneal bursitis, and tendonosis. Each of these conditions will be described and explained. These problems affect athletes most often, especially runners, basketball players, and anyone engaged in jumping sports. They are also common among both active and sedentary (inactive) middle-aged adults. These problems cause pain […]