Specialists

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Ankle

The biomechanics of the ankle and foot are important for the normal function of the lower extremity. The foot is the terminal joint in the lower kinetic chain.

Range-of-motion exercises

Ankle dorsiflexion/plantar flexion

Sitting with your legs out straight, pull your whole foot and ankle up towards you as far as possible, keeping your knee […]

Bursa Injuries

Bursae are small, fluid-filled sacs whose function is to reduce friction, distribute stress, and protect the underlying structures. They may be found between a bone and a tendon, between two tendons, or between a bone or tendon and the overlying skin. There are a number of permanent bursae around the hips, knees, feet, shoulders, and […]

Ankle Injuries

Ankle injuries are among the most common injuries in sport. ‘Ankle sprain’ (which is a mechanism rather than a diagnosis) is the most common injury in virtually all epidemiological studies. Being the first part of the kinetic chain to withstand the impact of running, twisting, pushing off and landing, the ankle and foot must, within […]

Heel Pain (Plantar Fasciitis)

Basics Description Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of plantar heel pain. Other causes include: Compression of the 1st branch of the LPN Fat pad atrophy of the heel Pain and enthesopathy associated with seronegative spondyloarthropathies Tarsal tunnel syndrome Calcaneal stress fracture Geriatric Considerations Plantar heel pain in geriatric patients often is secondary […]

A Patient’s Guide to Achilles Tendon Problems

Introduction

Problems that affect the Achilles tendon include tendonitis, tendinopathy, tendocalcaneal bursitis, and tendonosis. Each of these conditions will be described and explained. These problems affect athletes most often, especially runners, basketball players, and anyone engaged in jumping sports. They are also common among both active and sedentary (inactive) middle-aged adults. These problems cause pain […]