Specialists

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Iliopsoas Related Groin Pain

SYMPTOMS

Gradual onset of diffuse or localised exercise-induced groin pain and occasionally lower back pain. A runner often complains that he cannot produce enough force in the stride forwards and a footballer cannot strike a ball properly. This condition can also present as low back pain.

AETIOLOGY

This is secondary pain in the groin […]

Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis

Basics Description SCFE is a disorder of the hips of adolescents or preadolescents in which the femoral head is displaced relative to the rest of the femur. The femoral head remains in the acetabulum. Most notable features: The outward rotation of the lower femur and leg and a limp Classification: Stable versus unstable (1): […]

Hip Transient Synovitis

Basics Description Transient synovitis is characterized by the acute onset of monarticular hip pain, limp, and restricted hip motion. It must be distinguished from septic arthritis. Gradual but complete resolution over several days to weeks is the norm. Synonyms: Toxic synovitis; Irritable hip Epidemiology Transient synovitis is the most common cause of hip pain […]

Hip Replacement

Basics Description Many forms of arthritis lead to destruction of the articular cartilage of the hip joint, resulting in pain and loss of function. End-stage arthritis can be treated with surgical replacement of the joint. Elderly patients may have a greater risk of cardiac complications and more associated medical problems than younger patients. Patients […]

Hip Pain in the Child

Basics Description Hip pain is a term used to describe discomfort in the groin, which receives sensory innervation provided by the obturator and femoral nerves. This pain can be produced by a lesion anywhere in the region of the hip joint, such as: Capsule and synovial lining Bone of the pelvis or proximal femur […]

Hip Avascular Necrosis

Basics Description AVN is osteonecrosis, or death of the bone. All major joints can be affected. In the pediatric population, this condition is called Legg-Calve-Perthes disease and, in general, has a better prognosis than osteonecrosis in the adult. AVN of the hip is osteonecrosis of the femoral head. Synonyms: Osteonecrosis; Aseptic necrosis; Chandler disease […]

Hip Anatomy and Examination

Basics Description Bones: Pelvis and femur bone The acetabulum is the socket Muscles: Flexors: Iliopsoas, sartorius, rectus femoris Extensors: Gluteus maximus, hamstring muscles Abductors: Gluteus medius, gluteus minimus Adductors: Gracilis, pectineus, adductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus Nerves: Femoral: Hip flexors Obturator: Adductors Superior gluteal: Abductors Ligaments: Sacroiliac: Sacrum to ilium Sacrotuberous: Sacrum to […]