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Lateral Ankle Ligament Ruptures

SYMPTOMS

The patient refers to a sudden sharp tearing pain around the lateral aspect of the ankle joint after an acute inversion sprain or, on occasions, of recurrent instability after previous sprains.

AETIOLOGY

The anterior talo-fibular (ATF) and fibulo-calcanear (FC) ligaments are the most commonly damaged structures in uncomplicated inversion-plantar flexion ankle sprain. Most […]

Achondroplasia

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Basics Description Achondroplasia is the most common skeletal dysplasia. Characteristics: Patient height <4.5 feet at maturity The greatest shortening occurs in the proximal humerus and femur . Hypoplasia of the midface and frontal bossing may be present. Arthritis is rarely seen, but spinal stenosis is the most serious possible complication. Affects the skeletal […]

A Patient’s Guide to Sever’s Syndrome

Introduction

Sever’s syndrome is a painful heel condition that affects growing adolescents between the ages of nine and 14. In this condition, the growing part of the heelbone grows faster than the tendon that connects on the back of the heel. This tightens up the tendon and creates tension where it attaches to the heel. […]

A Patient’s Guide to Perthes Disease of the Hip

Introduction

Perthes disease is a condition that affects the hip in children between the ages of four and eight. The condition is also referred to as Legg-Calve-Perthes disease in honor of the three physicians who each separately described the disease. In this condition, the blood supply to the growth center of the hip (the capital […]