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Anatomy of The Lumbar Back Muscles-Thoracolumbar Fascia

The thoracolumbar fascia has three layers—anterior, middle, and posterior—creating an envelope for the muscles of the lumbar spine. The anterior layer originates from the anterior surfaces of the transverse processes of the lumbar spine and intertransverse ligaments, and it covers the anterior surface of the quadratus lumborum.

The middle layer is attached to the tips […]

Myotendinous Injury and Repair

The majority of skeletal muscle injuries that occur in sports are the result of indirect strain or direct blunt force trauma. Other forms of muscular injury, such as lacerations, ischemia, and infections, are not commonly seen in athletics.

The amount of research in the area of muscle injury and repair is growing, but we do […]

Palpation of the long adductors

Muscle bellies of adductor longus, gracilis and adductor magnus can be palpated at the medial side of the thigh. They take origin from the pubic tubercle (adductor longus) and the ischiopubic ramus (gracilis and adductor magnus). The structure that becomes visible during passive abduction of the hip is the adductor longus. Its origin at the […]

Anterior Chronic Compartment Syndrome

SYMPTOMS

There is a gradual onset of diffuse exercise-induced pain on the anterior lateral aspect of the lower leg. It is common in fairly short but muscular ‘bulky’ athletes. The pain becomes so great that continued sport is not possible. The athletes complain that the muscles feel like they are bursting. Rest, with the […]

Knee Anatomy and Examination

Basics Description Anatomy of the knee consists of compartments, bones, menisci, ligaments, muscles, and nerves. 3 compartments: Medial, lateral, and patellofemoral Bones: Patella: Serves as fulcrum to aid knee extension Medial and lateral menisci: Fibrocartilaginous structures in medial and lateral femorotibial compartments Aid in joint lubrication and nutrition and in load distribution across articular […]

A Patient’s Guide to Rehabilitation Following Hip Fracture Surgery

Introduction

A hip fracture can present complications due to being immobilized. The goal of rehabilitation after hip fracture surgery is to help you begin moving as quickly as possible to avoid the serious complications that can happen with being immobilized in bed.

This guide will help you understand

precautions to keep in mind after surgery […]

A Patient’s Guide to Hamstring Tendon Graft Reconstruction of the ACL

Introduction

When the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the knee is torn or injured, surgery may be needed to replace it. There are many different ways to do this operation. One is to take a piece of the hamstring tendon from behind the knee and use it in place of the torn ligament. When arranged […]