Specialists

Featured on Channel NewsAsia

Strong varus movement at the ankle

Significance.

This movement tests the integrity of the strong distal tibiofibular ligaments.

Positioning.

The ankle is in neutral position and the knee extended. The examiner is distal to the foot. The ipSilateral hand fixes the leg at the inner side, just above the ankle. The contralateral hand grasps the foot at the heel.

Procedure.

[…]

Provocation tests for meniscal tears

Significance

These tests are used to detect, by demonstration of clicks and / or pain, meniscal tears in the absence of actual (sub)luxations. If clicks are detected, it is wise to examine the other limb as well in order to eliminate non-pathological clicks arising from tendons snapping over bony prominences.

Test I

Positioning.

The subject […]

PASSIVE TESTS-Passive flexion

Positioning.

The subject lies in the supine position with extended legs. The examiner stands level with the subject’s knee. One hand grasps the distal part of the leg, just proximal to the malleoli; the other hand grasps the knee at the medial femoral condyle.

Procedure.

Move the extended leg upwards until the knee can […]

Passive abduction

POSitioning.

The subject lies in the supine position,near the border of the couch, with the lower leg pendent. The examiner stands level with the subject’s hip. One hand grasps the distal thigh from the medial side. The other hand is placed on the opposite anterior superior iliac spine in order to stabilize the pelvis.

Procedure. […]