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Hip Complaints in Children and Adolescents

Perthes’ disease

Perthes’ disease afflicts children between the ages of 3 years and 11 years. Its precise cause is unknown. The bone structure of the head of the femur becomes deformed and flattened due to osteonecrosis (death of bone). The child complains of tiredness and of pain in the groin and sometimes the knee, and […]

Hip Anatomy and Examination

Basics Description Bones: Pelvis and femur bone The acetabulum is the socket Muscles: Flexors: Iliopsoas, sartorius, rectus femoris Extensors: Gluteus maximus, hamstring muscles Abductors: Gluteus medius, gluteus minimus Adductors: Gracilis, pectineus, adductor longus, adductor brevis, adductor magnus Nerves: Femoral: Hip flexors Obturator: Adductors Superior gluteal: Abductors Ligaments: Sacroiliac: Sacrum to ilium Sacrotuberous: Sacrum to […]