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SPECIFIC TESTS-Bilateral passive medial rotation in prone position

Significance

This test is very useful in detecting minor limitations.Since both hips are examined together, even the slightest limitation of medial rotation or a divergence in the end-feel can be detected.

Positioning.

The subject lies in the prone position with the knees together and flexed to 90°. The examiner stands at the foot-end of […]

Resisted medial rotation

POSitioning.

The subject lies in the prone position with the hips slightly abducted and the knees flexed to 90°. The examiner sits at the foot·end of the couch, just distal to the knees, and places both hands against the outer malleoli.

Procedure.

Ask the subject to push the legs in an outward direction, and […]

Resisted extension

Positioning.

The subject lies in a relaxed supine position with the hips slightly abducted. The examiner stands at the foot-end of the couch. His clasped hands carry the heel and lift up the leg.

Procedure.

Ask the subject to push the extended leg towards the couch and resist the movement.

Common mistakes.

None.

[…]

Resisted abduction

Positioning.

The subject lies supine and relaxed with both hips slightly abducted. The examiner stands at the foot-end of the couch and places both hands on the lateral aspect of the lower legs, just proximal to the ankles.

Procedure.

Resist the abduction movement.

Common mistakes. None.

Anatomical structures tested:

Muscle function:

• Imporlanl abdllclors: […]

Achondroplasia

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Basics Description Achondroplasia is the most common skeletal dysplasia. Characteristics: Patient height <4.5 feet at maturity The greatest shortening occurs in the proximal humerus and femur . Hypoplasia of the midface and frontal bossing may be present. Arthritis is rarely seen, but spinal stenosis is the most serious possible complication. Affects the skeletal […]

A Patient’s Guide to Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis. In fact, more than 75 percent of people older than fifty-five show the joint deformations of OA on X-rays. But most of these people have no symptoms. For people who do have the joint pain and stiffness of OA, it can become a crippling disease. Some […]

Arthritis

Arthritis means inflammation of the joints. Inflammation generally includes symptoms of redness, heat, swelling, and pain. Many different diseases can result in inflammation of the joints. Arthritis is therefore a general term that describes more than one hundred different diseases of the joints of your body.

In some types of arthritis, the cause of the […]