Specialists

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Vertebral Osteomyelitis

Basics

Description Infection of the vertebral bony elements, not including the disc space General Prevention Prevention of HIV and hepatitis Early treatment of hematogenous infection Postoperative wound care, including dressing changes and prophylactic postsurgical antibiotics Epidemiology Bimodal distribution: Small peak in youth (10-20 years old) Largest peak in adults >50 years old Increasing rates in […]

Septic Knee

Basics Description A septic knee is an infection of the synovial lining of the knee joint. Predisposing factors include arthritis, intravenous drug abuse and alcoholism, steroid use, and any form of immunosuppression . Epidemiology Incidence Common May occur in infants, children, adults, and the geriatric population Risk Factors Intravenous drug abuse and alcoholism Trauma, […]

Reactive Arthritis

Basics Description Reactive arthritis (previously called Reiter syndrome) is a form of reactive, inflammatory arthritis classically associated with urogenital, ocular, mucocutaneous, and musculoskeletal involvement. This syndrome is categorized with the group of seronegative arthritides, along with AS, psoriatic arthritis, and enteropathic arthritis. Diagnosis often is overlooked because of its variable presentation and the similarities […]

Hemophilia

Basics Description This disorder of clotting factor results in easy bleeding. Secondary effects may occur in any system (most importantly brain, joint, muscle, and nerve) secondary to bleeding. Depending on its severity, it usually is diagnosed in early childhood. Classification: Severe: <1% clotting factor activity Moderate: 1-5% clotting factor activity Mild: >5% clotting factor […]

A Patient’s Guide to Viral Arthritis

Introduction

We know that some viruses cause joint pain and inflammation (swelling, redness, and heat). Researchers have wondered for a long time whether some kinds of arthritis with unexplained causes may be the result of a virus. So far no one knows, partly because the virus itself may be long gone before a patient ever […]