Specialists

Featured on Channel NewsAsia

Quadriceps Tendon Rupture

Basics Description Rupture of the quadriceps tendon (knee extensor mechanism) results in an inability to extend the leg. In patients >40 years old, rupture may be secondary to tendon degeneration. Classification: Complete versus incomplete General Prevention Stretching before athletics and thigh-strengthening exercises in patients with chronic tendinitis could provide some protection. Epidemiology A rare […]

Paget Disease

Basics Description First described by Sir James Paget in 1877 , Paget disease (osteitis deformans) is a bone disorder commonly seen in the geriatric population. As implied by the name osteitis deformans, the involved bone may be severely deformed and enlarged, features that suggest an inflammatory origin. A chronic and slowly progressive disease of […]

Osteoporosis

Basics Description Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration of bone tissue, leading to enhanced bone fragility and an increase in fracture risk. The World Health Organization defines osteoporosis as a bone mineral density score 2.5 standard deviations less than the mean value for a young person of the same gender […]

Giant Cell Tumor

Basics Description A benign but often locally aggressive neoplasm, characterized by large numbers of uniformly distributed, osteoclastlike giant cells and a background population of plump, epithelioid-to-spindle mononuclear cells. The vast majority of these tumors are located near the articular end of a tubular bone; ~50% occur in the knee. Other frequently involved sites: Distal […]

A Patient’s Guide to Spinal Compression Fractures

Introduction

Compression fractures are the most common type of fracture affecting the spine. A compression fracture of a spine bone (vertebra) causes the bone to collapse in height.

Compression fractures are commonly the result of osteoporosis. About 700,000 cases of compression fractures due to osteoporosis occur each year in the United States. Spine bones that […]