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Catastrophic Cervical Spine Injuries-Congenital Spinal Anomalies

Anatomical variants and congenital anomalies predispose athletes to certain forms of spinal cord injury. For example, Klippel-Feil syndrome, which reduces the number of motion segments in the spine, may lead to progressive instability or degenerative stenosis. Multiple fusions in the cervical spine in this condition make it difficult to dissipate loads that are applied to […]

Achondroplasia

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Basics Description Achondroplasia is the most common skeletal dysplasia. Characteristics: Patient height <4.5 feet at maturity The greatest shortening occurs in the proximal humerus and femur . Hypoplasia of the midface and frontal bossing may be present. Arthritis is rarely seen, but spinal stenosis is the most serious possible complication. Affects the skeletal […]