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Anatomy of The Lumbar Back Muscles-Quadratus Lumborum

The quadratus lumborum consists of medial and lateral fibers that are enclosed by the anterior and middle layers of the thoracolumbar fascia. The medial fibers attach “from the ilium to the anterior surface of the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae and other fibers travel from the transverse processes to anchor onto the twelfth rib.

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Resisted flexion of the knee

Positioning.

The subject lies prone with the knee in 30° of flexion. The examiner stands level with the thigh and leans over the subject. One hand is on the ilium, the other presses against the distal end of the lower leg.

Procedure.

Ask the subject to flex the knee, and resist the movement .

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Unicameral Bone Cyst

Basics

Description A benign membrane-lined, fluid-filled lesion of bone that develops in childhood and fills in by maturity Location: 80% occur in the proximal humerus and proximal femur. Other, less common, areas are the proximal tibia, distal tibia, distal femur, calcaneus, distal humerus, radius, fibula, ilium, ulna, and rib. Usually centrally located adjacent to the […]

Pain Management: A Patient’s Guide to Sacroiliac Joint Injections

Introduction

Sacroiliac (SI) joint injections are commonly used to determine what is causing back pain. SI joint injections are primarily diagnostic injections, meaning that they help your doctor determine the cause of your back pain but may not provide you with any long-term relief from the pain. These injections eliminate pain temporarily by filling the […]