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Injuries To Muscle

Muscle injuries are among the most common, most misunderstood, and inadequately treated conditions in sports medicine. Their significance is often underestimated because most patients can continue their daily activities soon after injury. According to some studies, muscle injuries account for 10–30% of all injuries in sport. Furthermore, it has been found that 30% of all […]

Fractures

Fractures

A fracture is a potentially serious injury, damaging not only bone but also the soft tissues in the surrounding area—tendons, ligaments, muscles, nerves, blood vessels, and skin. Fractures may be the result of direct trauma, e.g. an impact to the leg, or indirect trauma, e.g. when the foot is trapped, causing the athlete to […]

Posterior Shoulder Dislocation

SYMPTOMS

There is acute onset of localised swelling and pain over the posterior part of the shoulder, with typical deformation, after an excessive trauma. This injury is more common in epileptics and alcoholics than in athletes.

AETIOLOGY

This injury accounts for fewer than 5 per cent of shoulder dislocations. It is uncommon in sport […]

Clavicle Fracture

SYMPTOMS

There is acute onset of localised swelling and pain over the anterior part of the shoulder, with typical deformation, after direct or indirect trauma, often in a young athlete.

AETIOLOGY

It is common in rugby, ice hockey, riding and cycling.

CLINICAL FINDINGS

A clavicle fracture is usually easy to diagnose since the […]

Acromio-Clavicular Dislocation

SYMPTOMS

There is acute onset of localised swelling and pain over the acromio-clavicular joint with or without immediate deformation.

AETIOLOGY

This injury can occur after a direct trauma or tackle to the shoulder or after a fall on to an outstretched arm. It is common in rugby, ice hockey or riding and cycling. […]

Meniscus Tear

SYMPTOMS

Effusion and exercise-induced pain often combined with mechanical problems of locking, clicking, clunking or discomfort on impact (compression and rotation). This injury is common in sports such as football, rugby and other high-intensity contact sports but is also common, with no major trauma, as degenerative tears in older athletes or sedentary individuals.

AETIOLOGY

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Cartilage Injuries

SYMPTOMS

There is a gradual or acute on set of effusion and exercise-induced pain often combined with mechanical problems of locking, clicking, clunking or discomfort on impact (compression and rotation). This injury is common in sports such as football, rugby and other high-intensity contact sports but can also occur gradually in sports where hypermobility is […]

Acromioclavicular Joint Separation

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Basics Description AC joint injuries range from a mild sprain of the supporting ligaments to a complete separation of the AC joint. The AC joint is a diarthrodial joint formed by the distal clavicle and the medial facet of the acromion. Interposed in the joint is a fibrocartilaginous disc, which helps distribute the […]