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Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Basics Description Shoulder pain with overhead activities is a common musculoskeletal complaint. Impingement syndrome: Inflammatory condition of the soft tissues of the subacromial space Most common cause of presentation for shoulder complaints to a physician’s office (>50% of all shoulder complaints) Represents a continuum, progressing from acute bursitis, to chronic bursitis, to partial-thickness tears […]

A Patient’s Guide to Plantar Fasciitis (Heel Pain)

Introduction

Plantar fasciitis is a painful condition affecting the bottom of the foot. It is a common cause of heel pain and is sometimes called a heel spur. Plantar fasciitis is the correct term to use when there is active inflammation. Plantar fasciosis is more accurate when there is no inflammation but chronic degeneration instead. […]

A Patient’s Guide to Popliteal Cysts

Introduction

A popliteal cyst, also called a Baker’s cyst, is a soft, often painless bump that develops on the back of the knee. A cyst is usually nothing more than a bag of fluid. These cysts occur most often when the knee is damaged due to arthritis, gout, injury, or inflammation in the lining of […]

TAIL BONE PAIN (COCCYDYNIA)

WHAT IS COCCYDYNIA?

Coccydynia is the inflammation of the tip of the tailbone and the pain is often worse on sitting.

HOW IS COCCYDYNIA PAIN DIAGNOSED?

Coccydynia is commonly diagnosed based solely on the symptoms and the examination findings of local tenderness over the tailbone.

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES?

Coccydynia is often caused by an […]

Osgood Schlatters Disease

What is Osgood-Schlatter disease?

Osgood-Schlatter disease is probably the most frequent cause of knee pain in children. The condition occurs most commonly in children between the ages of 9 and 16 years but it can occur in younger children. Both boys and girls are equally vulnerable to its debilitating effects. Osgood-Schlatter disease is always characterized […]

Synovial thickening

Synovial thickening is a vital c1inkal finding. It indicates primary inflammation of the synovia and differentiates this from a secondary synovitis.Synovial swelling is best detected at the medial and lateral condyles of the femur, about 2 cm posterior to the medial and lateral edges of the patella.

Here the capsule lies almost superficially,covered only by […]

Tear and Inflammation of the Deltoid Muscle

Tears of the deltoid muscle, though infrequent, do occur in team handball and volleyball players, American footballers, weightlifters, wrestlers, and other athletes. The muscle is damaged in most cases by direct impact, but it can also be injured by overuse. The tear affects only a small part of the muscle, making it difficult to raise […]

Bursa Injuries

Bursae are small, fluid-filled sacs whose function is to reduce friction, distribute stress, and protect the underlying structures. They may be found between a bone and a tendon, between two tendons, or between a bone or tendon and the overlying skin. There are a number of permanent bursae around the hips, knees, feet, shoulders, and […]

Tail Bone Pain (Coccydynia)

WHAT IS COCCYDYNIA?

Coccydynia is the inflammation of the tip of the tailbone and the pain is often worse on sitting.

HOW IS COCCYDYNIA PAIN DIAGNOSED?

Coccydynia is commonly diagnosed based solely on the symptoms and the examination findings of local tenderness over the tailbone.

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES?

Coccydynia is often caused by an […]

A Patient’s Guide to Biceps Tendonitis

Introduction

Biceps tendonitis, also called bicipital tendonitis, is inflammation in the main tendon that attaches the top of the biceps muscle to the shoulder. The most common cause is overuse from certain types of work or sports activities. Biceps tendonitis may develop gradually from the effects of wear and tear, or it can happen suddenly […]