Specialists

Featured on Channel NewsAsia

Septic Hip

Basics Description The incidence of septic hip is increasing, especially in elderly and immunosuppressed individuals. This condition may occur in infants, children, adults, and the elderly, but it is more common in the pediatric population. Risks factors include hip surgery (most common cause), intravenous drug abuse, alcoholism, and steroid use. Epidemiology Incidence In children, […]

Sacral Insufficiency Fracture

Basics Description Sacral Insufficiency fractures occur in the sacral ala between the SI joints and the neural foramina (Denis Zone 1). The fracture pattern adopts a characteristic H-shape, which is pathonemonic of the condition. It is postulated that the vertical limbs of the H occur 1st, followed by the transverse fracture line. In ~50% […]

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Basics Description Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, systemic, autoimmune inflammatory disease affecting synovial joints and extra-articular systems, including the skin, eyes, cardiovascular system, bronchopulmonary system, spleen, and nervous system. Epidemiology Incidence Affects 1% of the population Prevalence Variable onset, but most frequently between the ages of 35 and 50 years Females are affected 2-3 […]

Reactive Arthritis

Basics Description Reactive arthritis (previously called Reiter syndrome) is a form of reactive, inflammatory arthritis classically associated with urogenital, ocular, mucocutaneous, and musculoskeletal involvement. This syndrome is categorized with the group of seronegative arthritides, along with AS, psoriatic arthritis, and enteropathic arthritis. Diagnosis often is overlooked because of its variable presentation and the similarities […]

Neck Pain

Basics Description In adults: Common Usually secondary to degenerative disc disease and arthritis In children and adolescents: Less common When it does occur, the pain often is secondary to a neoplasm or infection. Neck pain also occurs after trauma and is extremely common after motor vehicle accidents. General Prevention No definite methods of prevention […]

Hip Arthritis

Basics Description Hip arthritis is caused by loss of the articular cartilage of the acetabulum and proximal femur. As the cartilage is lost, the subchondral bone of the proximal femur and the acetabulum rub, causing pain with ambulation, loss of motion, and disability. General Prevention Low-impact exercise (swimming, biking, walking) Activity modification Weight loss […]

Elbow Arthritis

Basics Description The elbow can be affected by inflammatory and noninflammatory arthropathies. Regardless of the underlying pathologic process, elbow arthritis generally presents with pain on ROM and loading of the affected joint. Epidemiology Incidence Uncommon Primary osteoarthritis accounts for 1-2% of all elbow arthritis; the remainder are inflammatory or posttraumatic. Can occur in any […]

Back Pain

Basics Description Low back pain, the most common musculoskeletal condition, is responsible for the loss of 17 million work days per year in the United States and ~$60 billion of the annual U.S. health care budget. 70-80% of adults experience severe back pain at some time during their lives. Back pain, which affects the […]