Specialists

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Septic Arthritis

Basics Description Septic arthritis is an infection of the joint. In infants, the capillaries penetrating the physeal plate into the epiphysis persist until age 18 months, so spread of infection may occur from the metaphysis indirectly to the epiphysis and then to the joint. Possible irreparable damage to growth plate occurs. Classification: Polyarticular septic […]

Posterior Tibial Tendon Rupture

Basics Description PTT dysfunction or rupture is the most common cause of adult acquired flatfoot deformity. A working knowledge of the anatomy and function of the PTT in the normal foot is necessary to understand the pathophysiology that results from dysfunction. Origin: Posterior aspect of the tibia, the fibula, and the interosseous membrane Course: […]

Heel Pain (Plantar Fasciitis)

Basics Description Plantar fasciitis is the most common cause of plantar heel pain. Other causes include: Compression of the 1st branch of the LPN Fat pad atrophy of the heel Pain and enthesopathy associated with seronegative spondyloarthropathies Tarsal tunnel syndrome Calcaneal stress fracture Geriatric Considerations Plantar heel pain in geriatric patients often is secondary […]

Elbow Arthritis

Basics Description The elbow can be affected by inflammatory and noninflammatory arthropathies. Regardless of the underlying pathologic process, elbow arthritis generally presents with pain on ROM and loading of the affected joint. Epidemiology Incidence Uncommon Primary osteoarthritis accounts for 1-2% of all elbow arthritis; the remainder are inflammatory or posttraumatic. Can occur in any […]