Specialists

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Vascular Response to Injury

The vascular supply of the meniscus is the essential element in determining its potential for repair. This blood supply must have the ability to support the inflammatory response characteristic of wound repair. Clinical and experimental observations have demonstrated that the peripheral meniscal blood supply is capable of producing a reparative response similar to that in […]

Classification of Tendon Injuries

‘Tendinitis’ has been the clinical term traditionally applied to virtually all painful tendon structures, including the tendon, the synovial sheath, and the adjacent bursa. It has, however, been established that there is only a limited inflammatory response in the tendon to injury. Injuries are most often associated with a degenerative process, which increases with age […]

Inflammation

Inflammation is the body’s response to tissue injury caused by pressure, friction, repeated load or overload, and external trauma. Trauma is associated with bleeding, which causes swelling and increased pressure. Both extrinsic and intrinsic factors (see above) contribute to the inflammatory reaction in tendon sheaths, tendon and muscle attachments, bursae, and the periosteum. Overuse injuries […]

Overuse Syndromes

Overuse syndromes are difficult to diagnose and treat. These injuries are becoming increasingly common as both participation in sport in general and the intensity and duration of training increase. Although overuse injuries (stress fractures) were first documented as early as 1855, little research has been done since, and today’s knowledge is based mainly on practical, […]

Platelet Rich Plasma Injection Grafts for Musculoskeletal Injuries: A Review

Abstract

In Europe and the United States, there is an increasing prevalence of the use of autologous blood products to facilitate healing in a variety of applications. Recently, we have learned more about specific growth factors, which play a crucial role in the healing process. With that knowledge there is abundant enthusiasm in the application […]