Specialists

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Evaluation-Physical Examination

The physical examination findings of the athlete depend on the degree of nerve dysfunction and the chronicity of the injury. Athletes presenting early in the process often have an examination that is nonfocal and nonspecific. Patients with chronic problems will demonstrate wasting or atrophy of the involved muscles.

If the nerve is injured or entrapped […]

Biomechanics

During sports, repetitive microtrauma can damage the nerve in several ways, including entrapment and compression, traction and friction, direct trauma, as well as conditions affecting the brachial plexus in general. Besides direct effects on the nerve, intimal damage to the axillary or suprascapular artery has been proposed to result from direct trauma or friction that, […]