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In-Toeing in Children

In-Toeing and Out-Toeing

In-Toeing and Out-Toeing

What is in-toeing?

Most people’s feet point straight ahead or slightly outward. Some people’s feet, however, point inward a musculoskeletal condition referred to as in-toeing. In-toeing affects infants and children and is characterized by an inwardly rotated foot or feet, or, less often, an outwardly rotated foot or feet […]

A Patient’s Guide to Rotational Deformities in Children

Rotational Deformities in Children

Rotational Deformities in Children

Rotational deformities of the legs and feet in children are often a cause of concern for parents. Most people think of the deformities as either toeing in or toeing out. The deformity actually comes from rotation of the femur and the tibia. Rotation of the legs at birth is […]

Blount Disease

Basics Description Bowing of the legs can be a normal stage of growth for infants and toddlers. This phase is called physiologic bowing and resolves spontaneously by approximately 2 years of age. The vast majority of children presenting with bowed legs have this benign physiologic state. More rarely, bowed legs may be pathologic. The […]