Specialists

Featured on Channel NewsAsia

Clinical Anatomy

Understanding the structure of the cervical spine and the pathoanatomy of characteristic patterns of injury is essential for initial, effective management. Simply stated, the cervical spine supports the head and protects the neural elements; but motion about the cervical spine can be quite complex.

Many agree that distinct regional differences exist between the upper cervical […]

A Patient’s Guide to Cervical Foraminotomy

Introduction

Foraminotomy is a surgical procedure for widening the area where the spinal nerve roots exit the spinal column. A foramen is the opening around the nerve root, and otomy refers to the medical procedure for enlarging the opening. In this procedure, surgeons widen the passageway to relieve pressure where the spinal nerve […]

A Patient’s Guide to Lumbar Spondylolisthesis

Introduction

Normally, the bones of the spine (the vertebrae) stand neatly stacked on top of one another. Ligaments and joints support the spine. Spondylolisthesis alters the alignment of the spine. In this condition, one of the spine bones slips forward over the one below it. As the bone slips forward, the nearby tissues and nerves […]

A Patient’s Guide to Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Introduction

Anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) is a procedure used to treat problems such as disc degeneration, spine instability, and deformities in the curve of the spine. In this procedure, the surgeon works on the spine from the front (anterior) and removes a spinal disc in the lower (lumbar) spine. The surgeon inserts a bone […]

A Patient’s Guide to Anterior Lumbar Fusion with Cages

Introduction

Anterior lumbar fusion is an operation done on the front (the anterior region) of the lower spine. Fusion surgery helps two or more bones grow together into one solid bone. Fusion cages are new devices, essentially hollow screws filled with bone graft, that help the bones of the spine heal together firmly. Surgeons use […]

A Patient’s Guide to Cervical Foraminotomy

Introduction

Foraminotomy is a surgical procedure for widening the area where the spinal nerve roots exit the spinal column. A foramen is the opening around the nerve root, and otomy refers to the medical procedure for enlarging the opening. In this procedure, surgeons widen the passageway to relieve pressure where the spinal nerve is being […]

A Patient’s Guide to Cervical Discectomy

Introduction

Cervical discectomy is surgery to remove one or more discs from the neck. The disc is the pad that separates the neck vertebrae; ectomy means to take out. Usually a discectomy is combined with a fusion of the two vertebrae that are separated by the disc. In some cases, this procedure is done without […]

Pain Management: A Patient’s Guide to Injections for Pain

Introduction

Injections, as part of the evaluation and treatment of pain, are commonly recommended by pain specialists. There many different types of injections that are used both to help diagnose the painful condition and to help treat the painful condition.

This guide will help you understand

the difference between diagnostic and therapeutic injections what the […]

A Patient’s Guide to Back Pain in Children

Introduction

Until recently, a complaint of back pain in a child or adolescent was considered uncommon. It was usually associated with a certain condition such as tumor, curvature of the spine, a broken spinal bone, inflammation, or infection.

However, more recently, reports of back pain is much more common among children. By the age of […]