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Scoliosis

In scoliosis, lateral curvature to the left or right of part of the spine renders the vertebral column S-shaped. The cause of this complaint, which affects growing children, is unknown. It is often discovered by the physical education teacher, coach, or parents, and should lead to a visit to the doctor.

Scoliosis occurs in about […]

Medial Elbow Injuries

Thrower’s elbow or golfer’s elbow (medial epicondylitis, medial elbow tendinosis)

Thrower’s or golfer’s elbow is similar to tennis elbow, but the symptoms are located over the inner (medial) epicondyle of the elbow. A right-handed golf player may well suffer from tennis elbow in the (leading) left elbow and golfer’s elbow in the (following) right […]

Fractures of the Humerus

Fractures of the upper part of the humerus occur most frequently as a result of falling on an outstretched arm, but they may also follow a direct fall on the shoulder during contact sports, such as rugby and American football, alpine skiing, and riding. Fractures of the upper part of the humerus occur most frequently […]

Tear of the Long Tendon of the Biceps

Tears of the long tendon of the biceps muscle are seen in gymnasts, tennis players and badminton players, wrestlers, rowers, weightlifters, and javelin throwers.

The long biceps tendon is susceptible to degenerative changes, which predispose it to rupture. The tears occur most often in athletes over the age of 40–50 years; in younger athletes this […]

Golfer’s Elbow

SYMPTOMS

There is gradual onset of exerciseinduced pain around the medial epicondyle of the elbow that is aggravated by hyper-extension.

AETIOLOGY

This is an over-use type injury of unknown aetiology, often affecting the wrist flexor muscle origins at the medial epicondyle in racket sports players, javelin throwers and cricket bowlers. Despite the name, […]