Specialists

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Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tear (ACL)

SYMPTOMS

The symptoms are pain and immediate haemarthrosis, caused by bleeding from the ruptured ligament. This is an injury common in contact sports such as football, rugby and other high intensity sports such as downhill skiing. There is often a ‘pop’ sound from the knee and an inability to continue.

AETIOLOGY

The typical athlete suffers […]

Septic Arthritis

Basics Description Septic arthritis is an infection of the joint. In infants, the capillaries penetrating the physeal plate into the epiphysis persist until age 18 months, so spread of infection may occur from the metaphysis indirectly to the epiphysis and then to the joint. Possible irreparable damage to growth plate occurs. Classification: Polyarticular septic […]

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Basics Description Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, systemic, autoimmune inflammatory disease affecting synovial joints and extra-articular systems, including the skin, eyes, cardiovascular system, bronchopulmonary system, spleen, and nervous system. Epidemiology Incidence Affects 1% of the population Prevalence Variable onset, but most frequently between the ages of 35 and 50 years Females are affected 2-3 […]

Osteoarthritis

Basics Description The most prevalent form of arthritis May occur in virtually any joint of the body Has no cure and leads to pain and joint dysfunction The end result is loss of articular cartilage with secondary bone changes, including osteophytes, subchondral sclerosis, and subchondral cysts. Classification is by single or multiple joint involvement. […]

Musculoskeletal Radiography

Basics Description Plain radiography has been the primary musculoskeletal imaging technique for >100 years. X-ray beams generated by an x-ray tube pass through the body part to be imaged, and differential absorption and scattering of the x-ray beams occur. The exiting beam carries information about the density of the material traversed. This information is […]