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MCP Joint Injuries

Collateral ligament injuries

Collateral ligament injuries are occasionally seen in the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints (the joint between the palm of the hand and the fingers). The mechanism of injury is side-to-side force placed on a bent MCP joint.

Symptoms and diagnosis

– Pain and distinct tenderness occur in the injured area at the side of […]

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Basics Description Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, systemic, autoimmune inflammatory disease affecting synovial joints and extra-articular systems, including the skin, eyes, cardiovascular system, bronchopulmonary system, spleen, and nervous system. Epidemiology Incidence Affects 1% of the population Prevalence Variable onset, but most frequently between the ages of 35 and 50 years Females are affected 2-3 […]

Osteoarthritis

Basics Description The most prevalent form of arthritis May occur in virtually any joint of the body Has no cure and leads to pain and joint dysfunction The end result is loss of articular cartilage with secondary bone changes, including osteophytes, subchondral sclerosis, and subchondral cysts. Classification is by single or multiple joint involvement. […]

Hip Pain in the Child

Basics Description Hip pain is a term used to describe discomfort in the groin, which receives sensory innervation provided by the obturator and femoral nerves. This pain can be produced by a lesion anywhere in the region of the hip joint, such as: Capsule and synovial lining Bone of the pelvis or proximal femur […]

Hemophilia

Basics Description This disorder of clotting factor results in easy bleeding. Secondary effects may occur in any system (most importantly brain, joint, muscle, and nerve) secondary to bleeding. Depending on its severity, it usually is diagnosed in early childhood. Classification: Severe: <1% clotting factor activity Moderate: 1-5% clotting factor activity Mild: >5% clotting factor […]

Dislocation in the Adult

Basics Description Dislocation occurs when a force across a joint disrupts the restraining capsule, ligaments, and muscles. Dislocated joints may reduce spontaneously or remain unreduced. Dislocations can be associated with periarticular fractures, ruptured ligaments, capsular damage, and cartilage damage. The dislocation may result in stretch or injury to the arteries or nerves that cross […]

Patients with Spinal Stenosis Can Benefit from Nerve Blocks

Despite our many advances in medicine and especially all the improved technology, we still don’t know what causes back pain for many people. And without an understanding of the cause, it is difficult to find an effective way to treat it. We do know now that some patients have back pain coming from the facet […]

A Patient’s Guide to Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis. In fact, more than 75 percent of people older than fifty-five show the joint deformations of OA on X-rays. But most of these people have no symptoms. For people who do have the joint pain and stiffness of OA, it can become a crippling disease. Some […]