Specialists

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Rheumatoid Arthritis

Basics Description Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic, systemic, autoimmune inflammatory disease affecting synovial joints and extra-articular systems, including the skin, eyes, cardiovascular system, bronchopulmonary system, spleen, and nervous system. Epidemiology Incidence Affects 1% of the population Prevalence Variable onset, but most frequently between the ages of 35 and 50 years Females are affected 2-3 […]

Popliteal Cyst in the Child

Basics Description Popliteal cyst is a painless soft-tissue mass in the medial popliteal fossa behind the knee. Epidemiology Most common soft-tissue lesion about the knee in children Affects children 2-14 years old Incidence Incidence decreases after 9 years of age. Prevalence Twice as common in males Risk Factors Most are isolated cases. Juvenile rheumatoid […]

Hip Transient Synovitis

Basics Description Transient synovitis is characterized by the acute onset of monarticular hip pain, limp, and restricted hip motion. It must be distinguished from septic arthritis. Gradual but complete resolution over several days to weeks is the norm. Synonyms: Toxic synovitis; Irritable hip Epidemiology Transient synovitis is the most common cause of hip pain […]

Hip Pain in the Child

Basics Description Hip pain is a term used to describe discomfort in the groin, which receives sensory innervation provided by the obturator and femoral nerves. This pain can be produced by a lesion anywhere in the region of the hip joint, such as: Capsule and synovial lining Bone of the pelvis or proximal femur […]

Growing Pains

Basics Description This poorly understood syndrome is characterized by a long history of lower extremity pains that usually occur at night and worsen after active days. Pain: Resolves completely each time it occurs Occurs predominantly in the lower extremities Occurs in 1 or both legs with random frequency No objective physical findings are seen. […]